Dictionary of Botanical Epithets

Dictionary of Botanical Epithets

erythrinus - eximius

© 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2005

Epithet

Definition

Derivation

Stem

Type/
Gender

Meaning

erythrinus
erythrina
erythrinum
colored red
erythroserythradjερυϑροϛ
red
inusinadj-ινοϛ
adjective suffix for nouns: composition, color, resembling, owning
Piscidia erythrina L.
erythrolepis
erythrolepides
red scales
erythroserythradjερυϑροϛ
red
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
lepislepidnoun/fλεπιϛ
scale, shell
Pleopeltis erythrolepis (Weatherby) Pichi Sermolli
erythroneurus
erythroneura
erythroneurum
red veined
erythroserythradjερυϑροϛ
red
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
neuronneurnoun/nνευρον
sinew, tendon, nerve
usadjLatinizing suffix
erythrophyllus
erythrophylla
erythrophyllum
red leaved
erythroserythradjερυϑροϛ
red
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
phyllonphyllnoun/nφυλλον
leaf; foliage
usadjLatinizing suffix
Mussaenda erythrophylla Schumach. & Thonn.
Combretum erythrophyllum (Burch.) Sond.
erythrorhiza
erythrorhizai
red root
erythroserythradjερυϑροϛ
red
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
rhizarhiznoun/fριζα
root; stem, origin
Lithospermum erythrorhizon Siebold & Zucc.
erythrorhizus
erythrorhiza
erythrorhizum
red root
erythroserythradjερυϑροϛ
red
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
rhizarhiznoun/fριζα
root; stem, origin
usadjLatinizing suffix
Perideridia erythrorhiza (Piper) Chuang & Constance
Lotus erythrorhizus Bolle
erythrosepalus
erythrosepala
erythrosepalum
red sepals
erythroserythradjερυϑροϛ
red
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
sepalumsepalnoun/nMod L
sepal; = Gk skepe (covering) + petalum (petal) (coined in 1790 by H. J. de Necker)
skepe
σκεπη
covering; shelter, protection
petalum
πεταλον
Mod L
petal (Gk: leaf, tablet)
usadjLatinizing suffix
Oenothera erythrosepala Borbas
erythrosorus
erythrosora
erythrosorum
red sori
erythroserythradjερυϑροϛ
red
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
sorossornoun/mσωροϛ
heap
usadjLatinizing suffix
Dryopteris erythrosora (Eaton) Kuntze
erythrostictus
erythrosticta
erythrostictum
spotted red
erythroserythradjερυϑροϛ
red
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
stictosstictadjστικτοϛ
spotted
usadjLatinizing suffix
Sedum erythrostictum sensu Masters non Miq.
erythrostylus
erythrostyla
erythrostylum
with red column
erythroserythradjερυϑροϛ
red
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
stylusstyladjstylos
στυλοϛ
pillar, pole, prop (confused with L. stilus)
us
Latinizing suffix
esculentus
esculenta
esculentum
edible
esculentusesculentadjfull of food; edible, esculent
Psoralea esculenta Pursh
Pediomelum esculentum (Pursh) Rydb.
Hibiscus esculentus L.
etruscus
etrusca
etruscum
Tuscany, Italy
etruscusetruscadjEtruscus
Etruscan, of or pertaining to Etruria, (Tuscany, Italy)
Lonicera etrusca Santi
Crocus etruscus Parl.
eucosmus
eucosma
eucosmum
decorative
eucosmoseucosmadjευκοσμοϛ
decorous, orderly; graceful
usadjLatinizing suffix
Antennaria eucosma Fern. & Wieg.
Thelypodium eucosmum B.L. Robins.
Astragalus eucosmus B.L.Robins.
euglaucus
euglauca
euglaucum
thoroughly glaucous
eueupreευ
well, properly, good
glaucusglaucadjγλαυκοϛ
bright, sparkling, gleaming; grayish, bluish-green (for plants, a white bloom on a leaf giving a gray-green appearance)
Penstemon euglaucus English
euodoratissimus
euodoratissima
euodoratissimum
best smelling
eueupreευ
well, properly, good
odoratusodoratpadjodoro
to smell, give off a fragrance, be perfumed
issimusissimadjsuperlative suffix; most so, to the greatest degree; most-, -est (e.g. largest, prettiest, whitest)
europaeus
europaea
europaeum
European
europaeuseuropaeadjEuropaeus
European
Euonymus europaea L.
Asarum europaeum L.
Trollius europaeus L.
exaltatus
exaltata
exaltatum
very tall
exexprepout of; from; up
altusaltadjhigh
atusatadjadjectival suffix for nouns: possessive of or likeness of something (with, shaped, made)/ for verb participles: a completed action, -ed
Asclepias exaltata L.
Delphinium exaltatum Ait.
Zigadenus exaltatus Eastw.
exaratus
exarata
exaratum
furrowed
exaratusexaratpparexaro
to plow, dig up; cultivate
Agrostis exarata Trin.
Phleum exaratum Hochst. ex Griseb.
excelsior
excelsior
excelsius
taller
comparative of excelsusexcelsadjelevated, high
ioradjcomparative suffix; more so, to a greater degree; more-, -er (e.g. larger, prettier, whiter)
Fraxinus excelsior L.
excelsus
excelsa
excelsum
tall
excelsusexcelsadjelevated, high
Aeschrion excelsa (Sw.) Kuntze
Acrostichum excelsum Maxon
Metrosideros excelsus Sol. ex Gaertn.
excisus
excisa
excisum
cut away
excisusexcispparexcido
to cut off, out, or down
Triumfetta excisa Urban
Cionosicyos excisus (Griseb.) C. Jeffrey
excorticatus
excorticata
excorticatum
with peeling bark
exexprepout of; from; up
cortexcorticnoun/mtree bark; rind, shell, hull
atusatadjadjectival suffix for nouns: possessive of or likeness of something (with, shaped, made)/ for verb participles: a completed action, -ed
Olearia x excorticata Buchanan
exilifolius
exilifolia
exilifolium
small, meager
exilisexiladjsmall, narrow, thin, slender, meager; incomplete
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
foliusfoliadjfolium
leaf
Eriogonum exilifolium Reveal
exilis
exilis
exile
slender
exilisexiladjsmall, narrow, thin, slender, meager; incomplete
Chondrosum exile Fourn.
Castilleja exilis A.Nels.
eximius
eximia
eximium
distinguished
eximiuseximiadjexempt; select, choice, distinguished, extraordinary
Dicentra eximia (Ker-Gawl.) Torr.
Polemonium eximium Greene
Astragalus eximius Bunge