Dictionary of Botanical Epithets

Dictionary of Botanical Epithets

dicarpus - dioicus

© 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2005

Epithet

Definition

Derivation

Stem

Type/
Gender

Meaning

dicarpus
dicarpa
dicarpum
two seeds
didiprebetween, away from
carposcarpnoun/mκαρποϛ
fruit
usadjLatinizing suffix
dichlamydeus
dichlamydea
dichlamydeum
two mantles
disdiadvδιϛ
twice, double
chlamyschlamydnoun/fχλαμυϛ, υδοϛ
a cloak, mantle
euseadj-εοϛ
adjective suffix for nouns: belonging to, from, of
Allium dichlamydeum Greene
dichotomus
dichotoma
dichotomum
dividing into pairs
dichotomusdichotomadjdichotomeo
to divide in two
Callicarpa dichotoma (Lour.) K.Koch
Trichostema dichotomum L.
Sonchus dichotomus (Vahl) Willd.
dictamnus
dictamni
dittany
dictamnusdictamnnoun/fδικταμνον
Gk & L name for dittany (Origanum dictamnus) from Mt Dicte (now Sethia) E. Crete where it grows; Gk name for Ballota pseudodictamnus
Origanum dictamnus L.
didymocarpus
didymocarpa
didymocarpum
two fruited
didymosdidymadjδιδυμοϛ
double
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
carposcarpnoun/mκαρποϛ
fruit
usadjLatinizing suffix
Physaria didymocarpa (Hook.) Gray
Hesperolinon didymocarpum H.K. Sharsmith
Astragalus didymocarpus Hook. & Arn.
didymus
didyma
didymum
in pairs
didymosdidymadjδιδυμοϛ
double
usadjLatinizing suffix
Monarda didyma L.
Lepidium didymum L.
Coronopus didymus (L.) Sm.
difformis
difformis
difforme
differing shape (compared to others in the genus)
difdifpredi
between, away from
formisformadjin botanical Latin a substantive suffix for nouns derived from 'forma': to be in the form or shape of...
Arcyphyllum difforme Ell.
Amphiglottis difformis (Jacq.) Britt.
diffusissimus
diffusissima
diffusissimum
most spreading
superlative of diffususdiffusadjspread out, extended, wide
issimusissimadjsuperlative suffix; most so, to the greatest degree; most-, -est (e.g. largest, prettiest, whitest)
Juncus diffusissimus Buckl.
diffusus
diffusa
diffusum
spreading
diffususdiffusadjspread out, extended, wide
Phlox diffusa Benth.
Acer diffusum Greene
Penstemon diffusus Douglas
digitalis
digitalis
digitale
finger like
digitusdigitnoun/mfinger
alisaladjadjective suffix for nouns: of or pertaining to
Penstemon digitalis Nutt. ex Sims
digitatus
digitata
digitatum
fingered
digitusdigitnoun/mfinger
atusatadjadjectival suffix for nouns: possessive of or likeness of something (with, shaped, made)/ for verb participles: a completed action, -ed
Callirhoe digitata Nutt.
Cynosciadium digitatum DC.
Cyperus digitatus Roxb.
digynus
digyna
digynum
2 ovaries
didiprebetween, away from
gynegynnoun/fγυνε
woman, lady; wife; mistress; widow
usadjLatinizing suffix
Oxyria digyna (L.) Hill
Lachnocaulon digynum Koern.
Rumex digynus L.
dilatatus
dilatata
dilatatum
expanded
dilatatusdilatatppardilato
to separate, dilate, spread out, enlarge
Habenaria dilatata (Pursh) Hook.
Viburnum dilatatum Thunb.
dimorphus
dimorpha
dimorphum
with two forms
didiprebetween, away from
morphemorphnoun/fμορφη
form, shape, figure, appearance; beauty, grace
usadjLatinizing suffix
Antennaria dimorpha (Nutt.) Torr. & Gray
Ceratodon dimorphus Philib.
dioicus
dioica
dioicum
dioecious (lit. 2 houses referring to male and female parts on different plants)
didiprebetween, away from
oicosoicnoun/mοικοϛ
house, dwelling
usadjLatinizing suffix
Antennaria dioica Gaertn.
Thalictrum dioicum L.
Aruncus dioicus (Walt.) Fern.