Dictionary of Botanical Epithets

Dictionary of Botanical Epithets

cardinalis - catharticus

© 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2005

Epithet

Definition

Derivation

Stem

Type/
Gender

Meaning

cardinalis
cardinalis
cardinale
red
cardocardinnoun/mancient door hinge
alisaladjadjective suffix for nouns: of or pertaining to
Delphinium cardinale Hook.
Lobelia cardinalis L.
cardiophyllus
cardiophylla
cardiophyllum
heart shaped leaves
cardiacardinoun/fκαρδια
heart, mind, soul
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
phyllonphyllnoun/nφυλλον
leaf; foliage
usadjLatinizing suffix
Scutellaria cardiophylla Engelm. & Gray
Solanum cardiophyllum Lindl.
Hibiscus cardiophyllus Gray
carduaceus
carduacea
carduaceum
thistle like
carduuscardunoun/mthistle
aceusaceadjadjective suffix for nouns: resembles, of..., ...like, mixture using, fragrance of; borrowed from nouns declined like ...ax, ...acis + eus
Salvia carduacea Benth.
cardunculus
cardunculi
diminutive of Carduus (thistle)
carduscardnoun/mthistle (accessory form of carduus)
unculusunculnoun/mdiminutive: small, lesser; borrowed from -ix, -icis + ulus
Cynara cardunculus L.
caricaefolius
caricaefolia
caricaefolium
leaves like Carica (papaya)
caricacaricnoun/ffig, the paw-paw (Carica)was thought to be a fig which were from Caria, Asia Minor.
aeaecnctconnective vowel sometimes used by botanical Latin instead of 'i' to distinguish between two words with the same root, e.g. tuba (trumpet) and tubus (tube); in some cases 'ae' is incorrectly used because it is the genitive singular suffix of the preceeding word but it should be corrected to 'i'
foliusfoliadjfolium
leaf
caricifolius
caricifolia
caricifolium
leaves like Carex (sedge)
carexcaricnoun/frush or sedge
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
foliusfoliadjfolium
leaf
caricinus
caricina
caricinum
like Carex (sedge)
carexcaricnoun/frush or sedge
inusinadjadjective suffix for nouns: belonging to or resembling
Scleria caricina Benth.
Phragmipedium caricinum (Lindl. & Paxton) Rolfe
Astragalus caricinus (M.E. Jones) Barneby
caricus
carica
caricum
of Caria, south west coast of Turkey
caricuscaricadjCaricus
of or pertaining to Caria, a Roman province now south west Turkey around Dalaman river, known for its cultivation of figs
Ficus carica L.
carinatus
carinata
carinatum
keeled
carinatuscarinatpadjcarinos
to supply with a keel or shell
Amsinckia carinata A. Nels. & J.F. Macbr.
Allium carinatum L.
Mimozyganthus carinatus (Griseb.) Burkart
cariosus
cariosa
cariosum
decayed
cariosuscariosadjdecayed, rotten
Cladonia cariosa (Ach.) Sprengel
carissimus
carissima
carissimum
dearest
superlative of caruscaradjdear, precious; costly
issimusissimadjsuperlative suffix; most so, to the greatest degree; most-, -est (e.g. largest, prettiest, whitest)
carneolus
carneoli
flesh-colored
carneuscarneadjof flesh
olusolnoun/msubstantive suffix for 1st & 2nd declention nouns: diminutive
Cladonia carneola (Fr.) Fr.
carneus
carnea
carneum
flesh colored
carneuscarneadjof flesh
Androsace carnea L.
Polemonium carneum Gray
Baeomyces carneus Florke
carnicolor
carnicolores
flesh colored
carocarnnoun/fflesh
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
colorcolornouncolor
Echeveria carnicolor E. Morren
carnosulus
carnosula
carnosulum
slightly fleshy
carocarnnoun/fflesh
osusosadjadjective suffix for nouns: plenitude or notable development
ulusuladjadjective suffix for adjectives: diminutive
Draba carnosula O.E. Schulz
Chenopodium carnosulum Moq.
carnosus
carnosa
carnosum
fleshy
carocarnnoun/fflesh
osusosadjadjective suffix for nouns: plenitude or notable development
Asclepias carnosa L. f.
Nama carnosum (Woot.) C.L. Hitchc.
Carphephorus carnosus (Small) C.W. James
carota
carotae
carrot
carotacarotnoun/fcarrot
Daucus carota L.
cartilagineus
cartilaginea
cartilagineum
consistency or texture of cartilage
cartilagocartilaginnoun/fcartilage
euseadjadjective suffix for nouns: made from, color, -like
Acarospora cartilaginea H. Magn.
Paspalum cartilagineum J. Presl
caryophyllaceus
caryophyllacea
caryophyllaceum
pinkish
caryacarynoun/fκαρυα
walnut tree
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
phyllonphyllnoun/nφυλλον
leaf; foliage
aceusaceadjadjective suffix for nouns: resembles, of..., ...like, mixture using, fragrance of; borrowed from nouns declined like ...ax, ...acis + eus
Montinia caryophyllacea Thunb.
Acantholimon caryophyllaceum Boiss.
caryophylloides
caryophylloides
caryophylloides
caryophyllus like
caryacarynoun/fκαρυα
walnut tree
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
phyllonphyllnoun/nφυλλον
leaf; foliage
oidesoidadj-οειδεϛ
adjective suffix for nouns: like, resemble
Oxytheca caryophylloides Parry
caryophyllus
caryophylla
caryophyllum
pink colored (t. clove pink [Dianthus caryophyllus], t. clove, t. smell of walnut leaves)
caryacarynoun/fκαρυα
walnut tree
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
phyllonphyllnoun/nφυλλον
leaf; foliage
usadjLatinizing suffix
Phlox caryophylla Wherry
Dianthus caryophyllus L.
caspius
caspia
caspium
of the Caspian Sea
caspiuscaspiadjCaspius
of or pertaining to the Caspian Sea
Asparagus caspius Hohen.
cassideus
cassidea
cassideum
helmet shaped
cassiscassidnoun/fa helmet
euseadjadjective suffix for nouns: made from, color, -like
castaneus
castanea
castaneum
chestnut colored
castanoncastannoun/nκαστανον
chestnut tree
euseadj-εοϛ
adjective suffix for nouns: belonging to, from, of
Bryonora castanea (Hepp) Poelt
Aster castaneus Burgess
castellanus
castellana
castellanum
of a castle
castellanuscastellanadjof or pertaining to a castle or fort
Agrostis castellana Boiss. & Reuter
Lotus castellanus Boiss. & Reut.
castus
casta
castum
spotless
castuscastadjchaste, pure
Mimosa casta L.
catarius
cataria
catarium
of cats
catuscatnoun/mmale cat (minor usage)
ariusariadjadjective suffix for nouns or numbers: connected to or possessed by
Nepeta cataria L.
catarractae
catarractarum
of the waterfall(s)
generative of catarractacatarractnoun/fκαταρρακτηϛ
a waterfall
Parahebe catarractae (G. Forst.) W. R. B. Oliv.
catenatus
catenata
catenatum
chained
catenatuscatenatadjchained, fettered
Veronica catenata Pennell
catharticus
cathartica
catharticum
purgative
catharticoscatharticadjκατηαρτικοϛ
purgative, cleansing
usadjLatinizing suffix
Allamanda cathartica L.
Cathartolinum catharticum (L.) Small
Bromus catharticus Vahl