Dictionary of Botanical Epithets

Dictionary of Botanical Epithets

breviaculeatus - bubalinus

© 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2005

Epithet

Definition

Derivation

Stem

Type/
Gender

Meaning

breviaculeatus
breviaculeata
breviaculeatum
short prickles
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
aculeatusaculeatadjwith prickles, stings; thorny
brevialatus
brevialata
brevialatum
short winged
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
alatusalatadjfurnished with wings, winged
Colutea brevialata Lange
breviaristatus
breviaristata
breviaristatum
short bristles
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
aristaaristnoun/fcorn silk; ear of corn
atusatadjadjectival suffix for nouns: possessive of or likeness of something (with, shaped, made)/ for verb participles: a completed action, -ed
Bromus breviaristatus Buckl.
brevibarbatus
brevibarbata
brevibarbatum
short beard
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
barbatusbarbatadjhaving a beard; bearded
Penstemon brevibarbatus Crosswhite
brevibarbis
brevibarbis
brevibarbe
short beard
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
barbabarbnoun/fbeard
isadjadjectival suffix
Saccharum brevibarbe (Michx.) Pers.
Erianthus brevibarbis Michx.
brevibracteatus
brevibracteata
brevibracteatum
with short bracts
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
bracteabractenoun/fthin plate of metal, gold-leaf
atusatadjadjectival suffix for nouns: possessive of or likeness of something (with, shaped, made)/ for verb participles: a completed action, -ed
brevicalcaratus
brevicalcarata
brevicalcaratum
with a short spur
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
calcarcalcarnoun/nspur
atusatadjadjectival suffix for nouns: possessive of or likeness of something (with, shaped, made)/ for verb participles: a completed action, -ed
Biscutella brevicalcarata (Batt.) Batt.
brevicallosus
brevicallosa
brevicallosum
little callouses
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
callosuscallosadjwith a hard skill, thick-skinned, callous
Sorghum brevicallosum E. D. Garber
brevicalyx
brevicalyces
short calyx
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
calyxcalycnoun/fκαλυξ, υκοϛ
husk, covering, calyx
Cyrtandra brevicalyx (Hbd.) St. John
brevicarinatus
brevicarinata
brevicarinatum
little keel
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
carinatuscarinatpadjcarinos
to supply with a keel or shell
brevicaudatus
brevicaudata
brevicaudatum
with a small tail
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
caudacaudnoun/ftail
atusatadjadjectival suffix for nouns: possessive of or likeness of something (with, shaped, made)/ for verb participles: a completed action, -ed
Pasania brevicaudata (Skan) Schottky
Juncus brevicaudatus (Engelm.) Fern.
brevicaulis
brevicaulis
brevicaule
short stemmed
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
cauliscauladj/ καυλοϛ
stem of a plant; usual spelling was colis or coles
Eriogonum brevicaule Nutt.
Iris brevicaulis Raf.
breviciliatus
breviciliata
breviciliatum
short hairs
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
ciliumcilinoun/neyelash & eyelid together
atusatadjadjectival suffix for nouns: possessive of or likeness of something (with, shaped, made)/ for verb participles: a completed action, -ed
brevicollis
brevicolles
small bumps
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
colliscollnoun/ma small hill
Trematodon brevicollis Hoppe & Hornsch. ex Hornsch.
brevicollus
brevicolla
brevicollum
short neck
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
collumcollnoun/nthe neck
usadjLatinizing suffix
Encalypta brevicolla (Bruch & Schimp. in B.S.G.) Bruch ex èngstr.
brevicomptus
brevicompta
brevicomptum
smallband
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
comptuscomptnoun/mband; tie
usadjLatinizing suffix
Ixiolaena brevicompta F. Muell.
brevicornu
brevicornua
short horn
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
cornucornnoun/mhorn, antler
Asclepias brevicornu Scheele
brevicornutus
brevicornuta
brevicornutum
with short horns
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
cornutuscornutadjhorned
Cyrtandra brevicornuta St. John
brevicoronatus
brevicoronata
brevicoronatum
witha small crown
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
coronacoronnoun/fκορωνη
wreath, garland, crown
atusatadjadjectival suffix for nouns: possessive of or likeness of something (with, shaped, made)/ for verb participles: a completed action, -ed
Matelea brevicoronata (B.L. Robins.) Woods.
brevicrinis
brevicrines
short hair
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
criniscrinnoun/mhair; tail; antennae
breviculus
brevicula
breviculum
somewhat short
breviculusbreviculadjdiminutive of brevis: somewhat short
Linanthus breviculus (Gray) Greene
brevicuspis
brevicuspides
with short points
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
cuspiscuspidnoun/fpoint; spear, stinger
brevidens
brevidentes
short toothed
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
densdentnoun/mtooth
Astragalus brevidens (Gandog.) Rydb.
breviflorus
breviflora
breviflorum
short flowered
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
florusflorpparfloreo
to bloom, to flower
Agastache breviflora (Gray) Epling
Androstephium breviflorum S. Wats.
Cercocarpus breviflorus Gray
brevifolioides
brevifolioides
brevifolioides
like another species named brevifolius/a/um
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
foliusfoliadjfolium
leaf
oidesoidadj-οειδεϛ
adjective suffix for nouns: like, resemble
Cyperus brevifolioides Thieret & Delahoussaye
brevifoliolatus
brevifoliolata
brevifoliolatum
with short leaflets
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
foliumfolinoun/nleaf
olumolnoun/nolus
substantive suffix for 1st & 2nd declention nouns: diminutive
atusatadjadjectival suffix for nouns: possessive of or likeness of something (with, shaped, made)/ for verb participles: a completed action, -ed
Encephalartos brevifoliolatus Vorster
brevifolius
brevifolia
brevifolium
short leaved
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
foliusfoliadjfolium
leaf
Pyxidanthera brevifolia Wells
Talinum brevifolium Torr.
Ranunculus brevifolius Ten.
brevifrons
brevifrondes
short leaves or fronds
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
fronsfrondnoun/fleaf, foliage
Hymenophyllum brevifrons Kunze
breviglandulosus
breviglandulosa
breviglandulosum
full of small glands
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
glandulosusglandulosadjfull of glands
breviglumis
breviglumis
breviglume
short glumed
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
glumaglumnoun/fa hull or husk
isadjadjectival suffix
brevihamatus
brevihamata
brevihamatum
with short hooks
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
hamatushamatadjfurnished with a hook, hooked
Ancistrocactus brevihamatus (Engelm.) Britt. & Rose
brevilabris
brevilabris
brevilabre
short lipped
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
labrumlabrnoun/na lip
isadjadjectival suffix
Spiranthes brevilabris Lindl.
brevilanatus
brevilanata
brevilanatum
with short wooly hairs
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
lanatuslanatadjcovered with wool, wooly
Gossypioides brevilanatum (Hochr.) J. B. Hutch.
breviligulatus
breviligulata
breviligulatum
with short ligules
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
ligulaligulnoun/ftongue of land; tongue of shoe, shoe strap
atusatadjadjectival suffix for nouns: possessive of or likeness of something (with, shaped, made)/ for verb participles: a completed action, -ed
Ammophila breviligulata Fern.
brevilingulatus
brevilingulata
brevilingulatum
with short tongues
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
lingulalingulnoun/fa little tongue hence a number of tongue shaped things: land, shoe tongue, spoon, etc.
atusatadjadjectival suffix for nouns: possessive of or likeness of something (with, shaped, made)/ for verb participles: a completed action, -ed
Machaeranthera brevilingulata (Schultz-Bip. ex Hemsl.) B.L. Turner & Horne
brevilobatus
brevilobata
brevilobatum
with short lobes
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
lobatuslobatadjNL
lobed
Castilleja brevilobata Piper
brevilobus
breviloba
brevilobum
with short or small lobes
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
lobuslobnoun/mλοβοϛ
Late L
Greek: lobe of the ear; late Latin: husk, pod
usadjLatinizing suffix
Quercus breviloba (Torr.) Sarg.
brevimucronatus
brevimucronata
brevimucronatum
very short points
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
mucromucronnoun/ma sharp point or edge
atusatadjadjectival suffix for nouns: possessive of or likeness of something (with, shaped, made)/ for verb participles: a completed action, -ed
Solanum brevimucronatum Hawkes
brevinervis
brevinervis
brevinerve
with short veins
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
nervusnervnoun/mνευρον
a sinew, tendon, nerve
isadjadjectival suffix
Pohlia brevinervis Lindb. & Arnell
brevior
brevior
brevius
shorter
comparative of brevisbrevadjshort; little
ioradjcomparative suffix; more so, to a greater degree; more-, -er (e.g. larger, prettier, whiter)
Carex brevior (Dewey) Mack.
brevipaniculatus
brevipaniculata
brevipaniculatum
with short panicles
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
paniculapaniculnoun/fa tuft, panicle
atusatadjadjectival suffix for nouns: possessive of or likeness of something (with, shaped, made)/ for verb participles: a completed action, -ed
Arundinaria brevipaniculata Hand.-Mazz.
brevipedicellatus
brevipedicellata
brevipedicellatum
with sort partical pedicels
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
pedicelluspedicellnoun/mMod L
Linnaeus chose this word to describe a partial peduncle
atusatadjadjectival suffix for nouns: possessive of or likeness of something (with, shaped, made)/ for verb participles: a completed action, -ed
brevipedunculatus
brevipedunculata
brevipedunculatum
short peduncles
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
pedunculuspedunculnoun/ma little foot; hence a foot stalk
atusatadjadjectival suffix for nouns: possessive of or likeness of something (with, shaped, made)/ for verb participles: a completed action, -ed
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata (Maxim.) Trautv.
brevipes
brevipedes
with short feet
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
pespednoun/mfoot; claw
Alisma brevipes Greene
brevipetalus
brevipetala
brevipetalum
with short petals
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
petalumpetalnoun/nπεταλον
Mod L
petal (Gk: leaf, tablet)
usadjLatinizing suffix
brevipetiolatus
brevipetiolata
brevipetiolatum
with short petioles
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
petioluspetiolnoun/mpes
foot; claw
olus
substantive suffix for 1st & 2nd declention nouns: diminutive
atusatadjadjectival suffix for nouns: possessive of or likeness of something (with, shaped, made)/ for verb participles: a completed action, -ed
Campnospera brevipetiolata Volkens
Campnosperma brevipetiolatum Volkens
brevipilis
brevipilis
brevipile
with short hairs
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
piluspilnoun/ma hair; a trifle
isadjadjectival suffix
brevipilosus
brevipilosa
brevipilosum
hairy with short hairs
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
pilosuspilosadjhairy, shaggy
brevipubis
brevipubis
brevipube
with short hairs
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
pubespubnoun/fyouth, men; hair that appears at puberty
isadjadjectival suffix
Gleichenia brevipubis Christ
breviracemosus
breviracemosa
breviracemosum
with short racemes
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
racemusracemnoun/mthe stalk of or a cluster of a bunch of grapes
osusosadjadjective suffix for nouns: plenitude or notable development
Lansium breviracemosum Kosterm.
breviradiatus
breviradiata
breviradiatum
short rays
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
radiatusradiatpparwith rays; shining
brevirameus
breviramea
brevirameum
with short branches
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
rameusrameadjof or belonging to branches, boughs
Chamaecyparis breviramea Maxim.
breviramosus
breviramosa
breviramosum
with many short branches
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
ramosusramosadjwith many branches
Begonia breviramosa Irmsch.
brevirostris
brevirostris
brevirostre
short beaked
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
rostrumrostrnoun/nthe beak of a bird
isadjadjectival suffix
Hylocomium brevirostre (Brid.) Schimp. in B.S.G.
Aloina brevirostris (Hook. & Grev.) Kindb.
brevirostrus
brevirostra
brevirostrum
short beaked
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
rostrumrostrnoun/nthe beak of a bird
usadjLatinizing suffix
brevis
brevis
breve
short
brevisbrevadjshort; little
Bromus brevis Nees ex Steud.
breviscapus
breviscapa
breviscapum
short scape
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
scapusscapadjshaft, stem, stalk, trunk
brevisepalus
brevisepala
brevisepalum
with short sepals
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
sepalumsepalnoun/nMod L
sepal; = Gk skepe (covering) + petalum (petal) (coined in 1790 by H. J. de Necker)
skepe
σκεπη
covering; shelter, protection
petalum
πεταλον
Mod L
petal (Gk: leaf, tablet)
usadjLatinizing suffix
Penstemon brevisepalus Pennell
breviserratus
breviserrata
breviserratum
with short serrations
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
serratusserratadjsaw like, serrated, saw toothed
Salix breviserrata Flod.
brevisetus
breviseta
brevisetum
with short bristles
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
setasetnoun/fsaeta
a bristle or stiff hair of an animal
usadjLatinizing suffix
Bartramia breviseta Lindb.
Entodon brevisetus (Hook. & Wils. in Wils.) Lindb.
brevisiliquus
brevisiliqua
brevisiliquum
with short pods
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
siliquasiliqunoun/fpod of a legume
usadjLatinizing suffix
brevispathus
brevispatha
brevispathum
with a short spathe
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
spathaspathnoun/fσπαϑη
broad double edged sword, saber
usadjLatinizing suffix
Aglaonema brevispathum f. hospitum (F. N. Williams) Nicolson
brevispicatus
brevispicata
brevispicatum
with a short spike
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
spicatusspicatpparspico
to grow ears, spikes (like corn)
Lysiloma brevispicatum (Rose) Britton & Rose
brevispicus
brevispica
brevispicum
short spiked
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
spicaspicnoun/fpoint, ear (of grain), spike
usadjLatinizing suffix
Tragia brevispica Engelm. & Gray
brevispinosus
brevispinosa
brevispinosum
with short spines
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
spinosusspinosadjthorny
Rhigozum brevispinosum Kuntze
brevispinus
brevispina
brevispinum
with short spines
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
spinaspinnoun/fthorn; prickle, spine
usadjLatinizing suffix
Agave brevispina Trel.
brevisporus
brevispora
brevisporum
short spores (capsules)
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
sporaspornoun/fσπορα
the sowing of seeds, seed; offspring
usadjLatinizing suffix
Bactrospora brevispora R. C. Harris
brevisquamis
brevisquamis
brevisquame
with short scales
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
squamasquamnoun/fa scale
isadjadjectival suffix
brevisquamus
brevisquama
brevisquamum
with short scales
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
squamasquamnoun/fa scale
usadjLatinizing suffix
brevissimus
brevissima
brevissimum
shortest
superlative of brevisbrevadjshort; little
issimusissimadjsuperlative suffix; most so, to the greatest degree; most-, -est (e.g. largest, prettiest, whitest)
Festuca brevissima Jurtzev
Psilocarphus brevissimus Nutt.
brevistamineus
brevistaminea
brevistamineum
with short stames
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
stamineusstamineadjfull of threads
Heuchera brevistaminea Wiggins
brevistipulatus
brevistipulata
brevistipulatum
with short stipules
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
stipulastipulnoun/fa stalk, stem, blade
atusatadjadjectival suffix for nouns: possessive of or likeness of something (with, shaped, made)/ for verb participles: a completed action, -ed
Viola brevistipulata (Fr. & Sar.) W.Becker
brevistylis
brevistyles
short style
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
stylisstylnoun/mstylos
στυλοϛ
pillar, pole, prop (confused with L. stilus)
is
-ιϛ
substantive suffix for nouns: a connection to a noun
brevistylus
brevistyla
brevistylum
short styled
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
stylusstyladjstylos
στυλοϛ
pillar, pole, prop (confused with L. stilus)
us
Latinizing suffix
Aquilegia brevistyla Hook.
Allium brevistylum S.Wats.
Orthocarpus brevistylus Hoover
brevisubulatus
brevisubulata
brevisubulatum
with short awl shapes
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
subulasubulnoun/fawl
atusatadjadjectival suffix for nouns: possessive of or likeness of something (with, shaped, made)/ for verb participles: a completed action, -ed
Hordeum brevisubulatum (Trin.) Link
brevithyrsus
brevithyrsa
brevithyrsum
short thyrse (stalks multiply branched)
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
thyrsusthyrsnoun/mϑυρσοϛ
the stalk of an umbeliferous plant like fennel; a staff with vines wrapped around it
usadjLatinizing suffix
Palicourea brevithyrsa Britt. & Standl.
brevivaginatus
brevivaginata
brevivaginatum
with a short sheath
brevisbrevadjshort; little
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
vaginavaginnoun/fa covering, sheath
atusatadjadjectival suffix for nouns: possessive of or likeness of something (with, shaped, made)/ for verb participles: a completed action, -ed
Fimbristylis brevivaginata Kral
brumalis
brumalis
brumale
wintry
brumalisbrumaladjof the winter solstice; wintry
Crataegus brumalis Ashe
brunneofuscus
brunneofusca
brunneofuscum
dark brown
brunneusbrunneadjMod L
brown, from Germanic: brun
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
fuscusfuscadjdark, dusky, swarthy
Lecidea brunneofusca H. Magn.
brunneomaculatus
brunneomaculata
brunneomaculatum
brown spotted
brunneusbrunneadjMod L
brown, from Germanic: brun
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
maculatusmaculatpparmaculo
to spot, stain, pollute, defile
Lupinus brunneomaculatus Eastw.
bryoides
bryoides
bryoides
moss-like
bryonbrynoun/nβρυον
moss
oidesoidadj-οειδεϛ
adjective suffix for nouns: like, resemble
Phlox bryoides Nutt.
bryomorphus
bryomorpha
bryomorphum
mossy form
bryonbrynoun/nβρυον
moss
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
morphemorphnoun/fμορφη
form, shape, figure, appearance; beauty, grace
usadjLatinizing suffix
bryophilus
bryophila
bryophilum
moss like leaves
bryonbrynoun/nβρυον
moss
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
philusphiladjphilos
φιλοσ, ε, ον
loved; loving, friendly, fond
us
Latinizing suffix
Alsophila bryophila R. Tryon
Diploschistes bryophilus (Ehrh. ex Ach.) Zahlbr.
bryophorus
bryophora
bryophorum
moss bearing
bryonbrynoun/nβρυον
moss
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
phorosphoraparphoreo
φορεω (φερω)
to carry, bring
usadjLatinizing suffix
Saxifraga bryophora Gray
bubalinus
bubalina
bubalinum
buff (the color of a gazelle)
bubalusbubalnoun/msome kind of African gazelle or stag
inusinadjadjective suffix for nouns: belonging to or resembling
Burchellia bubalina (L. f.) Sims
Encephalartos bubalinus Melville