Dictionary of Botanical Epithets

Dictionary of Botanical Epithets

acephalus - achras

© 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2005

Epithet

Definition

Derivation

Stem

Type/
Gender

Meaning

acephalus
acephala
acephalum
headless
aapreα-
not, without, less
cephalecephalnoun/fκεφαλη
head; front; end, point; source, top; chief person
usadjLatinizing suffix
acer
acris
acre
sharp, pungent
aceracradjsharp, irritating, pungent; some spellings, espcially modern, give acris as the masculine instead of acer
Rubus acer Bailey
Sedum acre L.
aceratoides
aceratoides
aceratoides
like the genus Aceras
aapreα-
not, without, less
cerasceratnoun/nκεραϛ, ατοϛ
horn, antlers
oidesoidadj-οειδεϛ
adjective suffix for nouns: like, resemble
Asclepias aceratoides Nash
acerbus
acerba
acerbum
sour
acerbusacerbadjof taste: harsh, sharp, sour, bitter
Hovenia acerba Lindl.
aceriflorus
aceriflora
aceriflorum
flowers like a maple
aceracernoun/nthe maple tree
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
florusflorpparfloreo
to bloom, to flower
Engelhardia aceriflora (Reinw.) Blume
Pterilema aceriflorum Reinw.
acerifolius
acerifolia
acerifolium
leaves like a maple
aceracernoun/nthe maple tree
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
foliusfoliadjfolium
leaf
Vitis acerifolia Raf.
Viburnum acerifolium L.
Brachychiton acerifolius (A. Cunn. ex G. Don) Macarthur
acerinus
acerina
acerinum
relating to maple
aceracernoun/nthe maple tree
inusinadjadjective suffix for nouns: belonging to or resembling
Cimicifuga acerina (Siebold & Zucc.) Tanaka
Pityrosperma acerinum Siebold & Zucc.
aceriphyllus
aceriphylla
aceriphyllum
leaves like a maple
aceracernoun/nthe maple tree
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
phyllonphyllnoun/nφυλλον
leaf; foliage
usadjLatinizing suffix
aceroides
aceroides
aceroides
like a maple
aceracernoun/nthe maple tree
oidesoidadj-οειδεϛ
adjective suffix for nouns: like, resemble
Heuchera aceroides Rydb.
acervatus
acervata
acervatum
heaped
acervatusacervatpparacervo
to heap, pile up
acetabuliformis
acetabuliformis
acetabuliforme
concave, depressed
acetabulumacetabulnoun/ncup-shaped vessel; flower-cup, calyx
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
formisformadjin botanical Latin a substantive suffix for nouns derived from 'forma': to be in the form or shape of...
acetabulosus
acetabulosa
acetabulosum
markedly cup shaped
acetabulumacetabulnoun/ncup-shaped vessel; flower-cup, calyx
osusosadjadjective suffix for nouns: plenitude or notable development
Ballota acetabulosa (L.) Bentham
acetabulum
acetabuli
cup
acetabulumacetabulnoun/ncup-shaped vessel; flower-cup, calyx
Allium acetabulum (Raf.) Shinners
acetosella
acetosellae
pre Linnaean name for common sorrel and other plants with acid leaves
acetumacetnoun/nvinegar, pungent
osusosadjadjective suffix for nouns: plenitude or notable development
ellaellnoun/fellus
substantive suffix for 1st & 2nd declension nouns: diminutive
Acetosella acetosella (L.) Small
acetosus
acetosa
acetosum
pre Linnaean name for common sorrel and other plants with acid leaves
acetumacetnoun/nvinegar, pungent
osusosadjadjective suffix for nouns: plenitude or notable development
Rumex acetosa L.
Pelargonium acetosum (L.) L'Her.
achilleifolius
achilleifolia
achilleifolium
leaves like Achillea millefolium
achilleosachillenounαχιλλειοϛ
of Achilles, Greek hero of the Trojan wars; milfoil or yarrow, said to be discovered of medicinal value by Achiles
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
foliusfoliadjfolium
leaf
Tanacetum achilleifolium (M. Bieb.) Sch. Bip.
Senecio achilleifolius DC.
achilleoides
achilleoides
achilleoides
Achillea like
achilleosachillenounαχιλλειοϛ
of Achilles, Greek hero of the Trojan wars; milfoil or yarrow, said to be discovered of medicinal value by Achiles
oidesoidadj-οειδεϛ
adjective suffix for nouns: like, resemble
Pithocarpa achilleoides P.Lewis & Summerh.
achras
achrades
in Greek, a wild pear tree
achrasachradnoun/fαχραϛ
a pear like tree used as a fence, perhaps Pyrus amygdaliformis but used by Linnaeus for the genus Achras (sapodilla, sapote)
Manilkara achras (Miller) Fosb.