Dictionary of Botanical Epithets

Dictionary of Botanical Epithets

atramentarius - aulicus

© 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2005

Epithet

Definition

Derivation

Stem

Type/
Gender

Meaning

atramentarius
atramentaria
atramentarium
ink like
atramentumatramentnoun/na black liquid; ink; boot black
ariusariadjadjective suffix for nouns or numbers: connected to or possessed by
Acacia atramentaria Benth.
atramentifer
atramentifera
atramentiferum
ink bearing
atramentumatramentnoun/na black liquid; ink; boot black
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
ferferaparfero
to bear, carry, bring
Myrcia atramentifera Barb. Rodr.
atratus
atrata
atratum
black
atratusatratadjclothed in black, dressed in mourning
Carex atrata Boott
Hieracium atratum Fries
Astragalus atratus S. Wats.
atricolor
atricolores
dark color
ateratradjblack, sable, dark, gloomy (compounds: classical latin atri-; botanical latin atro-)
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
colorcolornouncolor
atriplicifolius
atriplicifolia
atriplicifolium
Atriplex leaved
atriplexatriplicnoun/nατραφαξιϛ, ατραφαξυϛ, αδραφαξυϛ, ανδραφαξιϛ
a pot-herb like spinach, orach (Atriplex hortensis) from which the entire genus gets its name
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
foliusfoliadjfolium
leaf
Beta atriplicifolia Rouy
Arnoglossum atriplicifolium (L.) H.E. Robins.
atrocarpus
atrocarpa
atrocarpum
dark seed
ateratradjblack, sable, dark, gloomy (compounds: classical latin atri-; botanical latin atro-)
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
carposcarpnoun/mκαρποϛ
fruit
usadjLatinizing suffix
Berberis atrocarpa C. K. Schneid.
Pandanus atrocarpus Griff.
atrocinctus
atrocincta
atrocinctum
dark band
ateratradjblack, sable, dark, gloomy (compounds: classical latin atri-; botanical latin atro-)
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
cinctuscinctpparcingo
to surround with a girdle; to gird
Scirpus atrocinctus Fern.
atrocinereus
atrocinerea
atrocinereum
dark gray
ateratradjblack, sable, dark, gloomy (compounds: classical latin atri-; botanical latin atro-)
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
cinereuscinereadjlike ashes, ash colored
Salix atrocinerea Brot.
atrococcus
atrococca
atrococcum
dark red
ateratradjblack, sable, dark, gloomy (compounds: classical latin atri-; botanical latin atro-)
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
coccoscoccnoun/nκοκκοϛ
berry of the scarlet oak, used as a red dye
usadjLatinizing suffix
Chamaesyce atrococca (Heller) Croizat & Deg.
Vaccinium atrococcum (Gray) Heller
Cyanococcus atrococcus (Gray) Small
atrocyaneus
atrocyanea
atrocyaneum
very dark blue
ateratradjblack, sable, dark, gloomy (compounds: classical latin atri-; botanical latin atro-)
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
cyaneuscyaneadjκυανεοϛ
dark blue
Iris atrocyanea Small
Viburnum atrocyaneum C. B. Clarke
atroflavescens
atroflavescens
atroflavescens
becoming dark yellow
ateratradjblack, sable, dark, gloomy (compounds: classical latin atri-; botanical latin atro-)
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
flavusflavadjgolden yellow, reddish yellow, flaxen, blonde
escensescentadjadjective suffix for nouns or adjectives: becoming like, incomplete resemblance -ish
Rhizocarpon atroflavescens Lynge
atroflavus
atroflava
atroflavum
dark yellow
ateratradjblack, sable, dark, gloomy (compounds: classical latin atri-; botanical latin atro-)
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
flavusflavadjgolden yellow, reddish yellow, flaxen, blonde
Caloplaca atroflava (Turner) Mong.
atrofulvus
atrofulva
atrofulvum
very dark yellow
ateratradjblack, sable, dark, gloomy (compounds: classical latin atri-; botanical latin atro-)
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
fulvusfulvadjdeep yellow, reddish yellow, golden, tawny
Miriquidica atrofulva (Sommerf.) A. J. Schwab & Rambold
atrofuscus
atrofusca
atrofuscum
very dark
ateratradjblack, sable, dark, gloomy (compounds: classical latin atri-; botanical latin atro-)
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
fuscusfuscadjdark, dusky, swarthy
Carex atrofusca Schkuhr
atroglandulosus
atroglandulosa
atroglandulosum
dark glands
ateratradjblack, sable, dark, gloomy (compounds: classical latin atri-; botanical latin atro-)
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
glandulosusglandulosadjfull of glands
Oxalis atroglandulosa R. Knuth
atroglaucus
atroglauca
atroglaucum
dark glaucus
ateratradjblack, sable, dark, gloomy (compounds: classical latin atri-; botanical latin atro-)
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
glaucusglaucadjγλαυκοϛ
bright, sparkling, gleaming; grayish, bluish-green (for plants, a white bloom on a leaf giving a gray-green appearance)
Taraxacum atroglaucum M.P. Christens.
atrogriseus
atrogrisea
atrogriseum
dark gray
ateratradjblack, sable, dark, gloomy (compounds: classical latin atri-; botanical latin atro-)
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
griseusgriseadjML
gray
Bacidia atrogrisea (Delise ex Hepp) Korber
atrolutescens
atrolutescens
atrolutescens
becoming dark yellow
ateratradjblack, sable, dark, gloomy (compounds: classical latin atri-; botanical latin atro-)
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
luteusluteadjgolden, saffron, orange-yellow
scensscentadjescens
adjective suffix for nouns or adjectives: becoming like, incomplete resemblance -ish
Lecidea atrolutescens Nyl.
atromarginatus
atromarginata
atromarginatum
dark margins
ateratradjblack, sable, dark, gloomy (compounds: classical latin atri-; botanical latin atro-)
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
marginatusmarginatpparmarginato
to furnish with a border; to border, enclose with a margin
Lecidea atromarginata H. Magn.
atroniveus
atronivea
atroniveum
black and white
ateratradjblack, sable, dark, gloomy (compounds: classical latin atri-; botanical latin atro-)
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
niveusniveadjof the snow; snow white
Carbonea atronivea (Arnold) Hertel
atropalustris
atropalustris
atropalustre
dark marshes
ateratradjblack, sable, dark, gloomy (compounds: classical latin atri-; botanical latin atro-)
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
palustrispalustradjpaluster
marshy, boggy; older Latin texts use paluster for the masculine rather than the contemporary palustris
Dryopteris atropalustris Small
atropilosulus
atropilosula
atropilosulum
dark and somewhat hairy
ateratradjblack, sable, dark, gloomy (compounds: classical latin atri-; botanical latin atro-)
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
pilosuspilosadjhairy, shaggy
ulusuladjadjective suffix for adjectives: diminutive
Diplotheca atropilosula Hochst.
Astragalus atropilosulus (Hochst.) Bunge
atropubescens
atropubescens
atropubescens
dark becoming hairy
ateratradjblack, sable, dark, gloomy (compounds: classical latin atri-; botanical latin atro-)
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
pubescenspubescentadjpubesco
to reach puberty, become pubescent
Astragalus atropubescens Coult. & Fisher
atropunctatus
atropunctata
atropunctatum
dark spots
ateratradjblack, sable, dark, gloomy (compounds: classical latin atri-; botanical latin atro-)
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
punctumpunctnoun/nsomething that is pricked; a puncture; a spot; a small portion
atusatadjadjectival suffix for nouns: possessive of or likeness of something (with, shaped, made)/ for verb participles: a completed action, -ed
Caesalpinia atropunctata Eifert
atropuniceus
atropunicea
atropuniceum
dark purple
ateratradjblack, sable, dark, gloomy (compounds: classical latin atri-; botanical latin atro-)
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
puniceuspuniceadjreddish, purple
atropurpureus
atropurpurea
atropurpureum
dark purple
ateratradjblack, sable, dark, gloomy (compounds: classical latin atri-; botanical latin atro-)
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
purpureuspurpureadjpurple colored
Angelica atropurpurea L.
Solanum atropurpureum Schrank
Aragallus atropurpureus Rydb.
atrorubellus
atrorubella
atrorubellum
slightly dark red
ateratradjblack, sable, dark, gloomy (compounds: classical latin atri-; botanical latin atro-)
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
rubellusrubelladjreddish
Crataegus x atrorubella Cinovskis
atrorubens
atrorubens
atrorubens
deep red
ateratradjblack, sable, dark, gloomy (compounds: classical latin atri-; botanical latin atro-)
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
rubensrubentaparrubeo
to be red
Arisaema atrorubens (Ait.) Blume
atrosanguineus
atrosanguinea
atrosanguineum
deep red
ateratradjblack, sable, dark, gloomy (compounds: classical latin atri-; botanical latin atro-)
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
sanguineussanguineadjof blood; blood-colored
Malus x atrosanguinea (Spath) C. K. Schneid.
Allium atrosanguineum Schrenk
Cosmos atrosanguineus (Hook.) Voss
atrospermus
atrosperma
atrospermum
dark seeds
ateratradjblack, sable, dark, gloomy (compounds: classical latin atri-; botanical latin atro-)
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
spermaspermnoun/nσπερμα
seed, germ
usadjLatinizing suffix
Spergularia atrosperma R.P. Rossb.
atrosquamus
atrosquama
atrosquamum
dark scales
ateratradjblack, sable, dark, gloomy (compounds: classical latin atri-; botanical latin atro-)
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
squamasquamnoun/fa scale
usadjLatinizing suffix
Carex atrosquama Mack.
atrostriatus
atrostriata
atrostriatum
dark stripes
ateratradjblack, sable, dark, gloomy (compounds: classical latin atri-; botanical latin atro-)
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
striastrinoun/ffurrow, channel
atusatadjadjectival suffix for nouns: possessive of or likeness of something (with, shaped, made)/ for verb participles: a completed action, -ed
Physcia atrostriata Moberg
atrosulphureus
atrosulphurea
atrosulphureum
dark yellow
ateratradjblack, sable, dark, gloomy (compounds: classical latin atri-; botanical latin atro-)
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
sulphureussulphureadjsulpherous (also sulfureus)
Lecanora atrosulphurea (Wahlenb.) Ach.
atrotegula
atrotegulae
dark top
ateratradjblack, sable, dark, gloomy (compounds: classical latin atri-; botanical latin atro-)
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
tegulategulnoun/froof tile, tiled roof (usually plural: tegulae)
atroviolaceus
atroviolacea
atroviolaceum
deep violet
ateratradjblack, sable, dark, gloomy (compounds: classical latin atri-; botanical latin atro-)
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
violaviolnoun/fviolet; wall-flower
aceusaceadjadjective suffix for nouns: resembles, of..., ...like, mixture using, fragrance of; borrowed from nouns declined like ...ax, ...acis + eus
Bellevalia atroviolacea Regel
Allium atroviolaceum Boiss.
Gladiolus atroviolaceus Boiss.
atrovirens
atrovirens
atrovirens
dark green
ateratradjblack, sable, dark, gloomy (compounds: classical latin atri-; botanical latin atro-)
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
virensvirentaparvireo
to be green or verdant
Agave atrovirens Karw. ex Salm-Dyck
atroviridis
atroviridis
atroviride
dark green
ateratradjblack, sable, dark, gloomy (compounds: classical latin atri-; botanical latin atro-)
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
viridisviridadjgreen
Lecidea atroviridis (Arnold) Th. Fr.
atrox
atrox
atrox
dark
atroxatradjdark, gloomy, dreadful; savage, fierce
attenuatus
attenuata
attenuatum
weak
attenuatusattenuatadjimpaired, week; meager
Aeria attenuata O.F. Cook
Piper attenuatum Buch.-Ham.
Penstemon attenuatus Dougl. ex Lindl.
atticus
attica
atticum
from Attica, around Athens
atticusatticadjAtticus
Αττικοϛ
of or pertaining to Attica, that portion Greece of which Athens was the major city
Poa attica Boiss. & Heldr.
Erigeron atticus Vill.
attollens
attollens
attollens
raising
attollensattollaparattollo
to raise, lift up
Elephantella attollens (Gray) Heller
attractus
a
um
attracted
attractuspadjattraho
to attract, draw towards
Rubus attractus Bailey
auctus
acuta
acutum
enlarged
auctusacutpadjaugeo
to enlarge, increase
Festuca aucta Krecz. & Bobr.
aucuparius
aucuparia
aucuparium
bird catching
aucupariusaucuparipparaucupor
to catch birds
Sorbus aucuparia L.
Sapium aucuparium Jacq., nom. illeg.
audax
audax
audax
bold
audaxaudacadjdaring, bold; foolhardy
Rubus audax Bailey
audens
audens
audens
daring
audensaudpadjaudeo
to be bold, daring
augescens
augescens
augescens
beginng to grow
augescensaugescpadjaugesco
to begin to grow, increase
Dryopteris augescens (Link) C. Christens.
augustus
augusta
augustum
majestic
augustusaugustadjsacred, consecrated, honorable, majestic, august; venerable, noble
Rhopaloblaste augusta (Kurz) H. E. Moore
Abroma augustum (L.) L. f.
aulacocarpus
aulacocarpa
aulacocarpum
grooved seed
aulaxaulacnoun/fαυλαξ, ακοϛ
furrow
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
carposcarpnoun/mκαρποϛ
fruit
usadjLatinizing suffix
Acacia aulacocarpa A. Cunn. ex Benth.
aulicus
aulica
aulicum
princely
aulicusaulicadjαυλικοϛ
princely
Crataegus aulica Sarg.
Hippeastrum aulicum Herb.