Dictionary of Botanical Epithets

Dictionary of Botanical Epithets

subacaulis - sylvestris

© 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2005

Epithet

Definition

Derivation

Stem

Type/
Gender

Meaning

subacaulis
subacaulis
subacaule
almost stemless
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
aapreα-
not, without, less
cauliscauladj/ καυλοϛ
stem of a plant; usual spelling was colis or coles
Pediomelum subacaule (Torr. & Gray) Rydb.
Camissonia subacaulis (Pursh) Raven
subalbicans
subalbicans
subalbicans
less than white
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
albicansalbicantaparalbico
to be white
Leprocaulon subalbicans (Lamb) Lamb & Ward
subalpinus
subalpina
subalpinum
from lower mountain heights
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
alpinusalpinadjof alps, mountains
Draba subalpina Goodman & C.L.Hitchc.
Eriogonum subalpinum Greene
Calochortus subalpinus Piper
subasperrimus
subasperrima
subasperrimum
less than roughest
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
superlative of asperasperadjrough
rimusrimadjsuperlative suffix; most so, to the greatest degree; most-, -est (e.g. largest, prettiest, whitest)
Brachythecium subasperrimum Card. & Thăr.
subbiflorus
subbiflora
subbiflorum
almost 2 flowered
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
bibiprebis
twice
florusflorpparfloreo
to bloom, to flower
Lotus subbiflorus Lag.
subcapitatus
subcapitata
subcapitatum
somewhat with heads
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
capitatuscapitatadjhaving a head
Draba subcapitata Simm.
subcarnosus
subcarnosa
subcarnosum
somewhat fleshy
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
carnosuscarnosadjfleshy
Lupinus subcarnosus Hook.
subcaulescens
subcaulescens
subcaulescens
short stem
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
cauliscaulnoun/mκαυλοϛ
stem of a plant; usual spelling was colis or coles
escensescentadjadjective suffix for nouns or adjectives: becoming like, incomplete resemblance -ish
Selaginella subcaulescens Baker
subciliatus
subciliata
subciliatum
somewhat hairy
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
ciliumcilinoun/neyelash & eyelid together
atusatadjadjectival suffix for nouns: possessive of or likeness of something (with, shaped, made)/ for verb participles: a completed action, -ed
Silene subciliata B.L.Robins.
subdecoloratus
subdecolorata
subdecoloratum
somewhat discolored
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
decolordecoloradjwithout the natural color
atusatadjadjectival suffix for nouns: possessive of or likeness of something (with, shaped, made)/ for verb participles: a completed action, -ed
suberosus
suberosa
suberosum
with corklike features
subersubernoun/nthe cork tree: Quercus suber; cork
osusosadjadjective suffix for nouns: plenitude or notable development
Passiflora suberosa L.
Rhododendron suberosum Balf. f. & Forrest
subflabellatus
subflabellata
subflabellatum
somewhat fanlike
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
flabellumflabellnoun/nsmall hand fan
atusatadjadjectival suffix for nouns: possessive of or likeness of something (with, shaped, made)/ for verb participles: a completed action, -ed
Aciphylla subflabellata W.Oliv.
subgemmifer
subgemmifera
subgemmiferum
bearing fewer 'gems'
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
gemmagemmnoun/foriginally, a bud on a plant; a gem
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
ferferaparfero
to bear, carry, bring
subgibbosus
subgibbosa
subgibbosum
somewhat humped
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
gibbusgibbnoun/mhump, hunch
osusosadjadjective suffix for nouns: plenitude or notable development
Neoporteria subgibbosa (Haw.) Britton & Rose
subglaber
subglabra
subglabrum
approaching hairless
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
glaberglabradjhairless, smooth, bald
Penstemon subglaber Rydb.
subglobosus
subglobosa
subglobosum
almost spherical
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
globosusglobosadjspherical
Livistona subglobosa (Hassk.) C. Mart.
Anthracothecium subglobosum Riddle
Saribus subglobosus Hassk.
subhirsutus
subhirsuta
subhirsutum
somewhat hairy
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
hirsutushirsutadjrough, shaggy, bristly
Allium subhirsutum L.
Lupinus subhirsutus A. Davids.
subhirtellus
subhirtella
subhirtellum
almost a little hairy
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
hirtushirtadjhairy, shaggy, rough, uncultivated
elluselladjadjective suffix for adjective: diminutive
Prunus subhirtella Miq.
subincisus
subincisa
subincisum
somewhat incised
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
incisusincispparincido
to cut into, through, up
Ctenitis subincisa (Willd.) Ching
subinteger
subintegra
subintegrum
mostly entire
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
integerintegradjentire, whole, complete; unbroken, unhurt; fresh, new
Hymenoxys subintegra Cockerell
subintegerrimus
subintegerrima
subintegerrimum
most entire
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
superlative of integerintegeradjentire, whole, complete; unbroken, unhurt; fresh, new
rimusrimadjsuperlative suffix; most so, to the greatest degree; most-, -est (e.g. largest, prettiest, whitest)
Aster subintegerrimus (Trautv.) Ostenf. & Resvoll
sublimis
sublimis
sublime
high or lofty
sublimissublimadjhigh, lofty, exaulted
submammillaris
submammillaris
submammillare
small nipples
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
mammillamammillnoun/fincorrect spelling of mamilla; a breast, teat
arisaradjalis
adjective suffix for nouns: of or pertaining to
submammulosus
submammulosa
submammulosum
small nippled
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
mammulamammulnoun/fa small breast, teat
osusosadjadjective suffix for nouns: plenitude or notable development
submarginatus
submarginata
submarginatum
small margined
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
marginatusmarginatpparmarginato
to furnish with a border; to border, enclose with a margin
Abrotanella submarginata A.Gray
submersus
submersa
submersum
under water
submersussubmerspparsummergo
to sink, submerge (also submergo)
Aspicilia submersa (Lamy) Hue
Ceratophyllum submersum L.
subminutissimus
subminutissima
subminutissimum
smaller than the smallest
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
superlative of minutusminutpparsmall, minute, little
issimusissimadjsuperlative suffix; most so, to the greatest degree; most-, -est (e.g. largest, prettiest, whitest)
Arthonia subminutissima Nyl.
subnudus
subnuda
subnudum
somewhat bare
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
nudusnudadjnaked, bare, unclothed
Gilia subnuda Torr. ex Gray
Thelesperma subnudum Gray
subpumilus
subpumila
subpumilum
somewhat dwarfed
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
pumiluspumiladjdwarfish, little
subpuniceus
subpunicea
subpuniceum
somewhat purple
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
puniceuspuniceadjreddish, purple
Haematomma subpuniceum (Mull. Arg.) de Lesd.
subradiatus
subradiata
subradiatum
paritally rayed
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
radiatusradiatpparwith rays; shining
Cladonia subradiata (Vainio) Sandst.
Placynthium subradiatum (Nyl.) Arnold
subramosus
subramosa
subramosum
less than 'many branched'
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
ramosusramosadjwith many branches
Lecidea subramosa Lowe
subrigidus
subrigida
subrigidum
less rigid
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
rigidusrigidadjstiff, hard, inflexible, rigid
Echeveria subrigida (B. L. Rob. & Seaton) Rose
subrotundifolius
subrotundifolia
subrotundifolium
leaves less round
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
rotundusrotundadjround, spherical
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
foliusfoliadjfolium
leaf
Crataegus subrotundifolia Sarg.
subrotundus
subrotunda
subrotundum
less round
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
rotundusrotundadjround, spherical
Osteomeles subrotunda K. Koch
Cinclidium subrotundum Lindb.
subrubellus
subrubella
subrubellum
somewhat reddish
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
rubellusrubelladjreddish
Arthonia subrubella Nyl.
subrugosus
subrugosa
subrugosum
less wrinkled
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
rugosusrugosadjwrinkled, shriveled
Lecanora subrugosa Nyl.
subsaxatilis
subsaxatilis
subsaxatile
growing among fewer rocks
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
saxatilissaxatiladjdwells or is found among rocks, frequents rocks
Hypotrachyna subsaxatilis (de Lesd.) Hale
subscaposus
subscaposa
subscaposum
under scape
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
scaposusscaposadjscapus
shaft, stem, stalk, trunk
Brassica subscaposa Maire & Weiller
subsecundus
subsecunda
subsecundum
partially secund
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
secundussecundadjfollowing, next, second
Sphagnum subsecundum Nees in Sturm
Elymus subsecundus (Link) A. Love & D. Love
subsericeus
subsericea
subsericeum
partially silken
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
sericeussericeadjsericis
σερικοϛ
of silk (misspelled: sericeus)
Raoulia subsericea Hook. f.
Ceanothus subsericeus Rydb.
subserratus
subserrata
subserratum
partially serrated
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
serratusserratadjsaw like, serrated, saw toothed
Arabis subserrata Greene
Penstemon subserratus Pennell
subsessilis
subsessilis
subsessile
nearly sessil
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
sessilissessiladjseated; (of flowers) low, dwarf
Rhododendron subsessile Rendle
Aster subsessilis Burgess
subsimilis
subsimilis
subsimile
somewhat similar
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
similissimiladjlike, resembling, similar
subspicatus
subspicata
subspicatum
mostly spiked
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
spicatusspicatpparspico
to grow ears, spikes (like corn)
Sansevieria subspicata Baker
Symphyotrichum subspicatum (Nees) Nesom
Aster subspicatus Nees
subspinosus
subspinosa
subspinosum
somewhat spiny
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
spinosusspinosadjthorny
Saurauia subspinosa J. Anthony
Teucrium subspinosum Pourr. ex Willd.
subterraneus
subterranea
subterraneum
underground
subterraneussubterraneadjsubterranean, underground
Glycine subterranea L.
Trifolium subterraneum L.
Turbinicarpus subterraneus (Backeb.) A. D. Zimm.
subtilissimus
subtilissima
subtilissimum
most delicate
superlative of subtilissubtiladjfine, thin, delicate
issimusissimadjsuperlative suffix; most so, to the greatest degree; most-, -est (e.g. largest, prettiest, whitest)
Allium subtilissimum Ledeb.
subtrinervis
subtrinervis
subtrinerve
mostly 3 veined
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
tritripretres
three
nervusnervnoun/mνευρον
a sinew, tendon, nerve
isadjadjectival suffix
Erigeron subtrinervis Rydb. ex Porter & Britt.
subtrinervius
subtrinervia
subtrinervium
barely three nerved
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
tritripretres
three
nervusnervnoun/mνευρον
a sinew, tendon, nerve
iusiadj-ιοϛ
adjective suffix for nouns: characteristic of, connected to, resembling, when related to -eus: of..., ...like
Acer subtrinervium F. P. Metcalf
subtriplinervius
subtriplinervia
subtriplinervium
mostly 3 veined
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
triplustripladjτριπλουϛ
triple, threefold
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
nervusnervnoun/mνευρον
a sinew, tendon, nerve
iusiadj-ιοϛ
adjective suffix for nouns: characteristic of, connected to, resembling, when related to -eus: of..., ...like
Ficus subtriplinervia C. Mart.
Heterocentron subtriplinervium (Link & Otto) A.Braun & Bouche
subulatus
subulata
subulatum
awl shaped
subulasubulnoun/fawl
atusatadjadjectival suffix for nouns: possessive of or likeness of something (with, shaped, made)/ for verb participles: a completed action, -ed
Phlox subulata L.
Phleum subulatum (Savi) Asch. & Graebn.
Aster subulatus Michx.
subvestitus
subvestita
subvestitum
somewhat clothed
subsubprebelow, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
vestitusvestitpparvestio
to clothe, to dress
Ribes subvestitum Hook. & Arn.
Astragalus subvestitus (Jepson) Barneby
succulentus
succulenta
succulentum
markedly juicy
succussuccnoun/msucus
juice or moisture of living things; strength, vigor
ulentusulentadjadjective suffix for nouns: plenitude or notable development, from more recent coinage of words, see '-osus'
Bourreria succulenta Jacq.
Crossidium succulentum Holz. & Bartr.
Lupinus succulentus Dougl. ex K.Koch
succumbens
succumbens
succumbens
falling down
succumbenssuccumbentaparsuccumbo
to fall, lie, or sink down
Astragalus succumbens Dougl. ex Hook.
suffocatus
suffocata
suffocatum
strangled
suffocatussuffocatpparsuffoco
to strangle, suffocate, choke
Trifolium suffocatum L.
suffrutescens
suffrutescens
suffrutescens
somewhat shrubby
sufsufpresub
below, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
frutescensfrutescentaparfrutico
to put out shoots, to become bushy
Antennaria suffrutescens Greene
suffruticosus
suffruticosa
suffruticosum
somewhat shrubby
sufsufpresub
below, under, up from under, almost, approaching; botany: less so than a similar plant
fruticosusfruticosadjbushy, shrubby
Calendula suffruticosa Vahl
Epilobium suffruticosum Nutt.
Haplopappus suffruticosus (Nutt.) Gray
sulcatus
sulcata
sulcatum
furrowed
sulcatussulcatpparsulco
to plow, furrow
Sehima sulcata (Hack.) A. Camus
Trillium sulcatum Patrick
Anthoceros sulcatus Austin
sulcinervius
sulcinervia
sulcinervium
veins impressed
sulcussulcnoun/mfurrow, ditch
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
nervusnervnoun/mνευρον
a sinew, tendon, nerve
iusiadj-ιοϛ
adjective suffix for nouns: characteristic of, connected to, resembling, when related to -eus: of..., ...like
Huperzia sulcinervia (Spring) Trevisan
Lycopodium sulcinervium Spring
Urostachys sulcinervius (Spring) Herter ex Nessel
sulphureus
sulphurea
sulphureum
yellow like sulphur
sulphureussulphureadjsulpherous (also sulfureus)
Castilleja sulphurea Rydb.
Bryophyllum sulphureum (Baker) A. Berger
Cosmos sulphureus Cav.
superbus
superba
superbum
superb
superbussuperbadjhaughty, arrogant; superior, splendid
Gloriosa superba L.
Lilium superbum L.
Calochortus superbus Purdy ex J.T.Howell
supinus
supina
supinum
lying down
supinussupinadjbent backwards, lying on the back
Linaria supina (L.) Chaz.
Gnaphalium supinum L.
Juncus supinus Moench
surculosus
surculosa
surculosum
suckering
surculussurculadja young branch, sprout; a graft, sucker
osusosadjadjective suffix for nouns: plenitude or notable development
Eurybia surculosa (Michx.) Nesom
Elatostema surculosum Wight
Aster surculosus Michx.
suspensus
suspensa
suspensum
hanging
suspensussuspenspparsuspendo
to hand, suspend
Forsythia suspensa (Thunb.) Vahl
Viburnum suspensum Lindley
sylvaticus
sylvatica
sylvaticum
growing in the woods, wild
sylvasylvnoun/fsilva
woods, forest
aticusaticadjadjective suffix for nouns: habitat
Carex sylvatica Huds.
Geranium sylvaticum L.
Scirpus sylvaticus L. p.p.
sylvester
sylvestris
sylvestre
growing in the woods, wild
sylvestersylvestradjsylvestris
of or belonging to the forest or woods, more correctly: silvestris, sometimes silvester
Aruncus sylvester Kostel. ex Maxim.
Chaerophyllum sylvestre L.
sylvestris
sylvestris
sylvestre
growing in the woods, wild
sylvestrissylvestradjof or belonging to the forest or woods, more correctly: silvestris, sometimes silvester
Althaea sylvestris Briganti