Dictionary of Botanical Epithets

Dictionary of Botanical Epithets

primulaceus - pruinosus

© 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2005

Epithet

Definition

Derivation

Stem

Type/
Gender

Meaning

primulaceus
primulacea
primulaceum
primula like
primulusprimuladjthe (little) first; primula veris (the first of spring) has been contracted to primula for use as the name of the genera
aceusaceadjadjective suffix for nouns: resembles, of..., ...like, mixture using, fragrance of; borrowed from nouns declined like ...ax, ...acis + eus
princeps
principis
principe
distinguished
princepsprincipadjfirst, chief, distinguished, noble
Plantago princeps Cham. & Schlecht.
Leuchtenbergia principis Hook.
prior
prior
prius
first
priorpriadjcomparative of previous, first
Rubus prior Bailey
prismaticus
prismatica
prismaticum
prism like
prismaprismatnoun/nπρισμα, ατοϛ
a prism
icusicadj-ικοϛ
adjective suffix for nouns: belonging to, from, of
Iris prismatica Pursh ex Ker-Gawl.
prismatocarpus
prismatocarpa
prismatocarpum
prism shaped fruit
prismaprismatnoun/nπρισμα, ατοϛ
a prism
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
carposcarpnoun/mκαρποϛ
fruit
usadjLatinizing suffix
Begonia prismatocarpa Hook.
Epidendrum prismatocarpum Rchb. f.
Juncus prismatocarpus R. Br.
proboscideus
proboscidea
proboscideum
like elephant's trunk
proboscisproboscidnoun/fπροβοσκιϛ, ιδοϛ
a trunk, snout especially of an elephant
euseadj-εοϛ
adjective suffix for nouns: belonging to, from, of
Martynia proboscidea Gloxin
procerus
procera
procerum
tall
procerusproceradjtall, large
Gentiana procera Holm
Hippeastrum procerum (Duch.) Lem.
Penstemon procerus Dougl. ex Graham
procumbens
procumbens
procumbens
prostrate
procumbensprocumbentaparprocumbo
to fall forwards, to become prostrate
Azalea procumbens L.
procurrens
procurrens
procurrens
spreading
procurrensprocurrentaparprocurro
to run forwards
Arabis procurrens Waldst. & Kit.
profundeincisus
profundeincisa
profundeincisum
deeply cut
profundeprofundeadvdeeply, vastly
incisusincispparincido
to cut into, through, up
prolatior
prolatior
prolatius
more elongated
comparative of prolatusprolatpparprolato
to extend, lengthen
ioradjcomparative suffix; more so, to a greater degree; more-, -er (e.g. larger, prettier, whiter)
Cucumis prolatior J. H. Kirkbr.
prolatus
prolata
prolatum
elongated top to bottom
prolatusprolatpparprolato
to extend, lengthen
Gentiana prolata Balf. f.
prolifer
prolifera
proliferum
proliferous
prolesprolnoun/foffspring; descendants
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
ferferaparfero
to bear, carry, bring
Cytisus prolifer L. f.
Mammillaria prolifera (Mill.) Haw.
Paspalum proliferum Arechav.
pronus
prona
pronum
leaning forward
pronuspronadjleaning or bending forward; prone
Crataegus prona Ashe
Rhododendron pronum Tagg & Forrest
Rubus pronus Bailey
propinquus
propinqua
propinquum
related to
propinquuspropinquadjnear, neighboring
Arenaria propinqua Richards.
Crocanthemum propinquum (Bickn.) Bickn.
Endococcus propinquus (Korber) D. Hawksw.
prorepens
prorepens
prorepens
creeping
prorepensprorepentaparprorepo
to creep or crawl forwards or out
Drummondia prorepens (Hedw.) Britt.
prostratus
prostrata
prostratum
prostrate
prostratusprostratpparprosterno
to spread out, to throw to the ground
Gentiana prostrata Haenke
Agropyron prostratum (L. f.) Beauv.
Ceanothus prostratus Benth.
protensus
protensa
protensum
stretched out
protensusprotensaparprotendo
to stretch or reach out
Campylium protensum (Brid.) Kindb.
pruinosus
pruinosa
pruinosum
frosted
pruinosuspruinosadjfrosted
Biatorella pruinosa (Korber) Mudd
Pararchidendron pruinosum (Benth.) I. C. Nielsen
Penstemon pruinosus Dougl. ex Lindl.