Dictionary of Botanical Epithets

Dictionary of Botanical Epithets

politus - pravissimus

© 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2005

Epithet

Definition

Derivation

Stem

Type/
Gender

Meaning

politus
polita
politum
polished
polituspolitpparpolio
to smoothen, polish
Mentzelia polita A. Nels.
Erigeron politus Fries
polium
polia
Greek name for Teucrium polium
poliumpolinoun/nπολιον
Greek plant name probably for a plant that is classified as Teucrium polium
polyacanthus
polyacantha
polyacanthum
many thorns
polyspolyadjπολυϛ, πολλη, πολυ
much, many, frequent; large; heavy
acanthaacanthnoun/fακανϑα
thorn, thistle
usadjLatinizing suffix
Opuntia polyacantha Haw.
Echinocereus polyacanthus Engelm.
polyanthemos
polyanthemos
polyanthemon
many flowered
polyspolyadjπολυϛ, πολλη, πολυ
much, many, frequent; large; heavy
anthemonanthemnoun/nανϑεμον
flower
osadjοϛ
adjectival suffix
Argemone polyanthemos (Fedde) G.B.Ownbey
polyanthus
polyantha
polyanthum
many flowered
polyspolyadjπολυϛ, πολλη, πολυ
much, many, frequent; large; heavy
anthosanthnoun/nανϑοϛ
flower
usadjLatinizing suffix
Primula polyantha P.Mill.(pro sp.)
Syzygium polyanthum (Wight) Walp.
Bromus polyanthus Scribn.
polyblepharus
polyblephara
polyblepharum
many fringed
polyspolyadjπολυϛ, πολλη, πολυ
much, many, frequent; large; heavy
blepharisblepharnoun/nβλεφαριϛ
eyelash
usadjLatinizing suffix
Polystichum polyblepharum C. Presl
polybulbos
polybulbos
polybulbon
many bulbs
polyspolyadjπολυϛ, πολλη, πολυ
much, many, frequent; large; heavy
bulbusbulbnoun/mβολβοϛ
bulbous root, bulb; onion (also bulbos)
osadjοϛ
adjectival suffix
polycarpus
polycarpa
polycarpum
many fruits
polyspolyadjπολυϛ, πολλη, πολυ
much, many, frequent; large; heavy
carposcarpnoun/mκαρποϛ
fruit
usadjLatinizing suffix
Amelanchier polycarpa Greene
Leptogium polycarpum P. M. Jorg. & Goward
Lupinus polycarpus Greene
polygamus
polygama
polygamum
polygamous, with both single and dual sex flowers on one or different plants
polygamospolygamadjπολυγαμοϛ
polygamous
usadjLatinizing suffix
Actinidia polygama (Siebold & Zucc.) Maxim.
Thalictrum polygamum Muhl. ex Spreng.
Schinus polygamus (Cav.) Cabrera
polylepis
polylepides
many scaled
polyspolyadjπολυϛ, πολλη, πολυ
much, many, frequent; large; heavy
lepislepidnoun/fλεπιϛ
scale, shell
Bidens polylepis Blake
polylophus
polylopha
polylophum
many crested
polyspolyadjπολυϛ, πολλη, πολυ
much, many, frequent; large; heavy
lophoslophnoun/mλοφοϛ
the back of the neck; crest of a hill or helmet
usadjLatinizing suffix
Neobuxbaumia polylopha (DC.) Backeb.
Cephalocereus polylophus (DC.) Britton & Rose
polymorphus
polymorpha
polymorphum
taking many forms
polymorphospolymorphadjπολυμορφοϛ
multiform
usadjLatinizing suffix
Adenophora polymorpha Ledeb.
Pseudostachyum polymorphum Munro
Lathyrus polymorphus Nutt.
polyneuron
polyneura
many veins
polyspolyadjπολυϛ, πολλη, πολυ
much, many, frequent; large; heavy
neuronneurnoun/nνευρον
sinew, tendon, nerve
Aspidosperma polyneuron Mull. Arg.
polyneurus
polyneura
polyneurum
many veins
polyspolyadjπολυϛ, πολλη, πολυ
much, many, frequent; large; heavy
neuronneurnoun/nνευρον
sinew, tendon, nerve
usadjLatinizing suffix
Ochna polyneura Gilg
polyodon
polyodontes
many toothed
polyspolyadjπολυϛ, πολλη, πολυ
much, many, frequent; large; heavy
odonodontnoun/mοδων, οντοϛ
Ion
a tooth
Asplenium polyodon G.Forst.
polypetalus
polypetala
polypetalum
many petals
polyspolyadjπολυϛ, πολλη, πολυ
much, many, frequent; large; heavy
petalumpetalnoun/nπεταλον
Mod L
petal (Gk: leaf, tablet)
usadjLatinizing suffix
Silene polypetala (Walt.) Fern. & Schub.
Cucubalus polypetalus Walter
polyphyllus
polyphylla
polyphyllum
many leaved
polyspolyadjπολυϛ, πολλη, πολυ
much, many, frequent; large; heavy
phyllonphyllnoun/nφυλλον
leaf; foliage
usadjLatinizing suffix
Onosma polyphylla Ledeb.
Cirsium polyphyllum (Rydb.) Petrak
Lupinus polyphyllus Lindl.
polyrrhizus
polyrrhiza
polyrrhizum
many roots
polyspolyadjπολυϛ, πολλη, πολυ
much, many, frequent; large; heavy
rrcnctρ
sometimes the Greek aspirated 'r' is rrh and sometimes rh in the Latin transliteration
rhizarhiznoun/fριζα
root; stem, origin
usadjLatinizing suffix
Calceolaria polyrrhiza Cav.
polyspermus
polysperma
polyspermum
many seeds
polyspolyadjπολυϛ, πολλη, πολυ
much, many, frequent; large; heavy
spermaspermnoun/nσπερμα
seed, germ
usadjLatinizing suffix
Hygrophila polysperma (Roxb.) T. Anders.
Chenopodium polyspermum L.
polystachyus
polystachya
polystachyum
many spikes
polyspolyadjπολυϛ, πολλη, πολυ
much, many, frequent; large; heavy
stachysstachynoun/mσταχυϛ
spike; ear of corn
usadjLatinizing suffix
Carex polystachya Sw. ex Wahlenb.
Aconogonum polystachyum (Wallich ex Meisn.) Haraldson
Oplismenus polystachyus Kunth
polytrichus
polytricha
polytrichum
many hairs
polyspolyadjπολυϛ, πολλη, πολυ
much, many, frequent; large; heavy
thrixtrichnoun/fϑριξ, τριχοϛ
hair, wool, bristle
usadjLatinizing suffix
Arabis polytricha Greene
Rubus polytrichus Progel
ponderosus
ponderosa
ponderosum
heavy
ponderosusponderosadjheavy
Pinus ponderosa P.& C.Lawson
ponticus
pontica
ponticum
Pontus, northern coast of Turkey
ponticusponticadjPonticus
of or belonging to Pontus, an area on the Black Sea (Mare Ponticum) whose capital was present day Amasya, Turkey
Artemisia pontica L.
Thinopyrum ponticum (Podp.) Barkworth & Dewey
Alopecurus ponticus K. Koch
populifolius
populifolia
populifolium
leaves like the genus Populus (poplar)
populuspopulnoun/fpoplar
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
foliusfoliadjfolium
leaf
Betula populifolia Marsh.
Sedum populifolium Pall.
Cistus populifolius L.
porphyreus
porphyrea
porphyreum
purple-red
porphyraporphyrnoun/fπορφυρα
the purple-fish or the dye that was made from it
euseadj-εοϛ
adjective suffix for nouns: belonging to, from, of
Arabis porphyrea Woot. & Standl.
Euonymus porphyreus Loes.
porphyrius
porphyria
porphyrium
dark purplish red
porphyraporphyrnoun/fπορφυρα
the purple-fish or the dye that was made from it
iusiadj-ιοϛ
adjective suffix for nouns: characteristic of, connected to, resembling, when related to -eus: of..., ...like
porrus
porri
like a leek
porrusporrnoun/ma leek or scallion
Allium porrum L.
potatoris
potatorum
of drinkers
generative of potatorpotatornoun/ma drinker
Strychnos potatorum L. f.
praealtus
praealta
praealtum
very tall
praealtuspraealtadjvery high
Draba praealta Greene
Equisetum praealtum Raf.
Aster praealtus Poir.
praecox
praecocis
praecoce
early ripening
praecoxpraecocadjearly ripening, premature
Aira praecox L.
praemorsus
praemorsa
praemorsum
bitten on the end
praemorsuspraemorspparpraemordeo
to bite at the end
Viola praemorsa Dougl. ex Lindl.
Asplenium praemorsum Sw.
Ranunculus praemorsus Kunth ex DC.
praestans
praestans
praestans
distinguished
praestanspraestaparpraesto
to stand out, to be superior
Ocellularia praestans (Mull. Arg.) Hale
praeteritus
praeterita
praeteritum
overlooked
praeterituspraeteritadjpraetereo
to be lost, past by, disregarded
Castilleja praeterita Heckard & Bacig.
praetermissus
praetermissa
praetermissum
overlooked
praetermissuspraetermissadjpraetermitto
to let by, omit, pass by
Capsicum praetermissum Heiser & P. G. Sm.
Helianthus praetermissus E.E. Wats.
praetutianus
praetutiana
praetutianum
of Picenum, a Roman province on the Adriatic coast of Italy
praetutianuspraetutianadjPraetutianus
the Praetutii were a people of the Roman province Picenum, including the present day cities of Ancona and Ascoli Piceno
pratensis
pratensis
pratense
in meadows
pratensispratensadjgrowing or found in meadows
Geranium pratense L.
Salvia pratensis L.
pravissimus
pravissima
pravissimum
most crooked
superlative of pravuspravadjcrooked, distorted, deformed
issimusissimadjsuperlative suffix; most so, to the greatest degree; most-, -est (e.g. largest, prettiest, whitest)
Acacia pravissima