Dictionary of Botanical Epithets

Dictionary of Botanical Epithets

monacanthos - mucronulatus

© 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2005

Epithet

Definition

Derivation

Stem

Type/
Gender

Meaning

monacanthos
monacanthos
monacanthon
with one spine
monosmonadjμονοϛ
alone, only; forsaken
acanthaacanthnoun/fακανϑα
thorn, thistle
osadjοϛ
adjectival suffix
Cactus monacanthos Willd.
monacanthus
monacantha
monacanthum
with one spine
monosmonadjμονοϛ
alone, only; forsaken
acanthaacanthnoun/fακανϑα
thorn, thistle
usadjLatinizing suffix
Opuntia monacantha (Willd.) Haw.
monadelphus
monadelpha
monadelphum
brothers (stamens or filaments) as one
monosmonadjμονοϛ
alone, only; forsaken
adelphosadelphnoun/mαδελφοϛ
brother
usadjLatinizing suffix
Stewartia monadelpha Siebold & Zucc.
Allium monadelphum Less. ex Kunth
monandrus
monandra
monandrum
with one stamen
monosmonadjμονοϛ
alone, only; forsaken
anerandrnoun/mανηρ, ανδροϛ
man; male; husband
usadjLatinizing suffix
Aploleia monandra (Sw.) H.E. Moore
Calyptridium monandrum Nutt.
Homalocenchrus monandrus (Sw.) Kuntze
monanthos
monanthos
monanthon
one flower
monosmonadjμονοϛ
alone, only; forsaken
anthosanthnoun/nανϑοϛ
flower
osadjοϛ
adjectival suffix
Ervum monanthos L.
monanthus
monantha
monanthum
one flower
monosmonadjμονοϛ
alone, only; forsaken
anthosanthnoun/nανϑοϛ
flower
usadjLatinizing suffix
Medicago monantha (C. A. Mey.) Trautv.
Papaver monanthum Trautv.
Calochortus monanthus Ownbey
monilifer
monilifera
moniliferum
necklace bearing
monilemonilnoun/na necklace of precious metal and jewels
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
ferferaparfero
to bear, carry, bring
Alysicarpus monilifer (L.) DC.
Monilistus monilifera (Ait.) Raf. ex B.D. Jackson
Osteospermum moniliferum L.
moniliformis
moniliformis
moniliforme
necklace shaped
monilemonilnoun/na necklace of precious metal and jewels
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
formisformadjin botanical Latin a substantive suffix for nouns derived from 'forma': to be in the form or shape of...
Coenogonium moniliforme Tuck.
Opuntia moniliformis (L.) Haw.
monocephalus
monocephala
monocephalum
one head
monosmonadjμονοϛ
alone, only; forsaken
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
cephalecephalnoun/fκεφαλη
head; front; end, point; source, top; chief person
usadjLatinizing suffix
Achillea monocephala Boiss. & Bal.
monococcus
monococca
monococcum
one berry
monosmonadjμονοϛ
alone, only; forsaken
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
coccoscoccnoun/nκοκκοϛ
berry of the scarlet oak, used as a red dye
usadjLatinizing suffix
Triticum monococcum L.
monodactylus
monodactyla
monodactylum
one finger/toe
monosmonadjμονοϛ
alone, only; forsaken
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
dactylosdactylnoun/mδακτυλοϛ
finger, toe
usadjLatinizing suffix
Digitaria monodactyla (Nees) Stapf
Panicum monodactylum Nees
monodoriflorus
monodoriflora
monodoriflorum
single scented flower
monosmonadjμονοϛ
alone, only; forsaken
odorusodoradjsweet smelling, fragrant; ill smelling
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
florusflorpparfloreo
to bloom, to flower
monogonus
monogona
monogonum
single start
monosmonadjμονοϛ
alone, only; forsaken
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
gonegonnoun/fγονη
origin, birth; conception
usadjLatinizing suffix
Pertusaria monogona Nyl.
monogynus
monogyna
monogynum
one ovary
monosmonadjμονοϛ
alone, only; forsaken
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
gynegynnoun/fγυνε
woman, lady; wife; mistress; widow
usadjLatinizing suffix
Crataegus monogyna Jacq.
Hypericum monogynum L.
Physocarpus monogynus (Torr.) Coult.
monoicus
monoica
monoicum
monoecious
monosmonadjμονοϛ
alone, only; forsaken
oicosoicnoun/mοικοϛ
house, dwelling
usadjLatinizing suffix
Carica monoica Desf.
monopetalus
monopetala
monopetalum
one petal
monosmonadjμονοϛ
alone, only; forsaken
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
petalumpetalnoun/nπεταλον
Mod L
petal (Gk: leaf, tablet)
usadjLatinizing suffix
Statice monopetala L.
Limoniastrum monopetalum (L.) Boiss.
monophyllos
monophyllos
monophyllon
one leaved
monosmonadjμονοϛ
alone, only; forsaken
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
phyllonphyllnoun/nφυλλον
leaf; foliage
osadjοϛ
adjectival suffix
Malaxis monophyllos Swartz
monophyllus
monophylla
monophyllum
1 leaved
monosmonadjμονοϛ
alone, only; forsaken
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
phyllonphyllnoun/nφυλλον
leaf; foliage
usadjLatinizing suffix
Pinus monophylla Torr. & Frem.
Zanthoxylum monophyllum (Lam.) P. Wilson
Calochortus monophyllus Lem.
monorrhizus
monorrhiza
monorrhizum
one root
monosmonadjμονοϛ
alone, only; forsaken
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
rrcnctρ
sometimes the Greek aspirated 'r' is rrh and sometimes rh in the Latin transliteration
rhizarhiznoun/fριζα
root; stem, origin
usadjLatinizing suffix
Habenaria monorrhiza (Sw.) Reichenb. f.
monosepalus
monosepala
monosepalum
single sepaled
monosmonadjμονοϛ
alone, only; forsaken
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
sepalumsepalnoun/nMod L
sepal; = Gk skepe (covering) + petalum (petal) (coined in 1790 by H. J. de Necker)
skepe
σκεπη
covering; shelter, protection
petalum
πεταλον
Mod L
petal (Gk: leaf, tablet)
usadjLatinizing suffix
Bulbophyllum monosepalum Barb. Rodr.
monospermus
monosperma
monospermum
single seeded
monosmonadjμονοϛ
alone, only; forsaken
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
spermaspermnoun/nσπερμα
seed, germ
usadjLatinizing suffix
Butea monosperma (Lam.) Taubert
Allium monospermum Jepson
Celastrus monospermus Roxb.
monostachyus
monostachya
monostachyum
single spiked
monosmonadjμονοϛ
alone, only; forsaken
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
stachysstachynoun/mσταχυϛ
spike; ear of corn
usadjLatinizing suffix
Abildgaardia monostachya (L.) Vahl
Paspalum monostachyum Vasey
monotrichus
monotricha
monotrichum
one hair
monosmonadjμονοϛ
alone, only; forsaken
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
thrixtrichnoun/fϑριξ, τριχοϛ
hair, wool, bristle
usadjLatinizing suffix
Pycnanthemum monotrichum Fern.
montanus
montana
montanum
of mountains
montanusmontanadjof or belonging to the mountains
Anthemis montana L.
Alyssum montanum L.
Cercocarpus montanus Raf.
monticola
monticolae
mountain dweller
monsmontnoun/ma mountain
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
colacolnoun/fincola
dweller, inhabitant -> -cola/-colus suffix
Oxytropis monticola Gray
mucronatus
mucronata
mucronatum
mucronate, short point
mucromucronnoun/ma sharp point or edge
atusatadjadjectival suffix for nouns: possessive of or likeness of something (with, shaped, made)/ for verb participles: a completed action, -ed
Amelanchier mucronata Nielsen
Sisyrinchium mucronatum Michx.
Nemopanthus mucronatus (L.) Loes.
mucronifolius
mucronifolia
mucronifolium
short pointed leaves
mucromucronnoun/ma sharp point or edge
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
foliusfoliadjfolium
leaf
Androsace mucronifolia Watt
Astragalus mucronifolius Boiss.
mucronulatus
mucronulata
mucronulatum
with little sharp points
mucromucronnoun/ma sharp point or edge
ulusulnoun/mdimutive substantive suffix for 1st & 2nd declension nouns
atusatadjadjectival suffix for nouns: possessive of or likeness of something (with, shaped, made)/ for verb participles: a completed action, -ed
Melicope mucronulata (H. St. John) T. G. Hartley & B. C. Stone
Pappophorum mucronulatum Nees
Lupinus mucronulatus T.J. Howell