Dictionary of Botanical Epithets

Dictionary of Botanical Epithets

lonchitis - lusitanus

© 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2005

Epithet

Definition

Derivation

Stem

Type/
Gender

Meaning

lonchitis
lonchites
spear shaped
lonchelonchnoun/flogche
λογχη
spear
itisitnoun/mites
-ιταϛ ?
substantive suffix for nouns: connection to a noun
Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth
lonchocarpus
lonchocarpa
lonchocarpum
spear like seeds
lonchelonchnoun/flogche
λογχη
spear
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
carposcarpnoun/mκαρποϛ
fruit
usadjLatinizing suffix
Draba lonchocarpa Rydb.
Astragalus lonchocarpus Torr.
longepedunculatus
longepedunculata
longepedunculatum
long footed
longuslongadjlong; extended
eecnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin, infrequently used
pedunculuspedunculnoun/ma little foot; hence a foot stalk
atusatadjadjectival suffix for nouns: possessive of or likeness of something (with, shaped, made)/ for verb participles: a completed action, -ed
Cerastium longepedunculatum Muhl. ex Britt.
longeradiatus
longeradiata
longeradiatum
long rays
longuslongadjlong; extended
eecnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin, infrequently used
radiatusradiatpparwith rays; shining
longerhizomatosus
longerhizomatosa
longerhizomatosum
notably long root like
longuslongadjlong; extended
eecnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin, infrequently used
rhizomarhizomatnoun/nριζωμα, ατοϛ
something that has taken root
osusosadjadjective suffix for nouns: plenitude or notable development
longicalycinus
longicalycina
longicalycinum
with long calyx
longuslongadjlong; extended
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
calyxcalycnoun/fκαλυξ, υκοϛ
husk, covering, calyx
inusinadj-ινοϛ
adjective suffix for nouns: composition, color, resembling, owning
Silene longicalycina Kom.
longicaulis
longicaulis
longicaule
long stemmed
longuslongadjlong; extended
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
cauliscauladj/ καυλοϛ
stem of a plant; usual spelling was colis or coles
Trifolium longicaule Woot. & Standl.
Thymus longicaulis C. Presl
longicornu
longicornua
with a long horn
longuslongadjlong; extended
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
cornucornnoun/mhorn, antler
longidentatus
longidentata
longidentatum
long toothed
longuslongadjlong; extended
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
dentatusdentatadjtoothed
Trifolium longidentatum Nabelek
longiflorus
longiflora
longiflorum
long flowered
longuslongadjlong; extended
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
florusflorpparfloreo
to bloom, to flower
Menodora longiflora Gray
Lilium longiflorum Thunb.
Diplacus longiflorus Nutt.
longifolius
longifolia
longifolium
long leaved
longuslongadjlong; extended
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
foliusfoliadjfolium
leaf
Arnica longifolia D.C.Eat.
Acrostichum longifolium Jacq., non Burm.
Aster longifolius Lam.
longipes
longipedes
long stalked
longuslongadjlong; extended
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
pespednoun/mfoot; claw
Adesmia longipes Phil.
longipetalus
longipetala
longipetalum
long petaled
longuslongadjlong; extended
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
petalumpetalnoun/nπεταλον
Mod L
petal (Gk: leaf, tablet)
usadjLatinizing suffix
Lewisia longipetala (Piper) S.Clay
Oreobroma longipetalum Piper
Astragalus longipetalus Chater
longiradiatus
longiradiata
longiradiatum
long rays
longuslongadjlong; extended
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
radiatusradiatpparwith rays; shining
Pseudocymopterus longiradiatus Mathias, Constance & Theobald
longiscapus
longiscapa
longiscapum
long scaped
longuslongadjlong; extended
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
scapusscapadjshaft, stem, stalk, trunk
Gazania longiscapa DC.
Anthericum longiscapum Jacq.
longisepalus
longisepala
longisepalum
long sepals
longuslongadjlong; extended
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
sepalumsepalnoun/nMod L
sepal; = Gk skepe (covering) + petalum (petal) (coined in 1790 by H. J. de Necker)
skepe
σκεπη
covering; shelter, protection
petalum
πεταλον
Mod L
petal (Gk: leaf, tablet)
usadjLatinizing suffix
Glycosmis longisepala B. C. Stone
longisiliquus
longisiliqua
longisiliquum
long podded
longuslongadjlong; extended
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
siliquasiliqunoun/fpod of a legume
usadjLatinizing suffix
longispathus
longispatha
longispathum
long spathed
longuslongadjlong; extended
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
spathaspathnoun/fσπαϑη
broad double edged sword, saber
usadjLatinizing suffix
Bambusa longispatha Kurz
Agapanthus longispathus F. M. Leight.
longissimus
longissima
longissimum
longest
superlative of longuslongadjlong; extended
issimusissimadjsuperlative suffix; most so, to the greatest degree; most-, -est (e.g. largest, prettiest, whitest)
Racosperma longissimum (H. L. Wendl.) Pedley
Rubus longissimus Bailey
longistylis
longistyles
long style
longuslongadjlong; extended
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
stylisstylnoun/mstylos
στυλοϛ
pillar, pole, prop (confused with L. stilus)
is
-ιϛ
substantive suffix for nouns: a connection to a noun
Osmorhiza longistylis (Torr.) DC.
longistylus
longistyla
longistylum
long style
longuslongadjlong; extended
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
stylusstyladjstylos
στυλοϛ
pillar, pole, prop (confused with L. stilus)
us
Latinizing suffix
Persicaria longistyla (Small) Small
Cirsium longistylum Moore & Frankton
Hyacinthus longistylus Miscz.
longitubus
longituba
longitubum
long tubed
longuslongadjlong; extended
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
tubustubnoun/ma tube, pipe
usadjLatinizing suffix
Hackelia longituba I.M. Johnston
longus
longa
longum
long
longuslongadjlong; extended
Curcuma longa L.
Aquilegia longissima A.Gray
Piper longum L.
Cyperus longus L.
lophanthus
lophantha
lophanthum
crested flower
lophoslophnoun/mλοφοϛ
the back of the neck; crest of a hill or helmet
anthosanthnoun/nανϑοϛ
flower
usadjLatinizing suffix
Agave lophantha Schiede
lophophorus
lophophora
lophophorum
having a crest
lophoslophnoun/mλοφοϛ
the back of the neck; crest of a hill or helmet
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
phorosphoraparphoreo
φορεω (φερω)
to carry, bring
usadjLatinizing suffix
Nomocharis lophophora (Bureau & Franch.) Balf. f.
Lilium lophophorum Franch.
lucidior
lucidior
lucidius
brighter
comparative of luciduslucidadjclear, shining, bright
ioradjcomparative suffix; more so, to a greater degree; more-, -er (e.g. larger, prettier, whiter)
Albizia lucidior (Steud.) I. C. Nielsen ex H. Hara
lucidus
lucida
lucidum
shining, clear
luciduslucidadjclear, shining, bright
Acaena lucida (Lam.) Vahl
Geranium lucidum L.
Ateramnus lucidus (Sw.) Rothm.
lunatus
lunata
lunatum
crescent shaped
lunatuslunatadjshaped like a half moon, crescent
Pedicularis lunata Rydb.
Machaerium lunatum (L. f.) Ducke
Drepanocarpus lunatus (L. f.) G.F.W. Mey.
lunulatus
lunulata
lunulatum
crescent shaped
lunalunnoun/fthe moon
ulaulnoun/fulus
dimutive substantive suffix for 1st & 2nd declension nouns
atusatadjadjectival suffix for nouns: possessive of or likeness of something (with, shaped, made)/ for verb participles: a completed action, -ed
Didymochlaena lunulata Desv.
lupinoides
lupinoides
lupinoides
Lupinus like
lupinuslupinnoun/ma lupine, wolf-bean
oidesoidadj-οειδεϛ
adjective suffix for nouns: like, resemble
Thermopsis lupinoides (L.) Link
lupulus
lupuli
small wolf, the hop was called a willow-wolf for the tree on which it climbed
lupuslupnoun/mwolf
ulusulnoun/mdimutive substantive suffix for 1st & 2nd declension nouns
Humulus lupulus L.
luridus
lurida
luridum
pale yellow
luridusluridadjpale yellow, wan, lurid
Arthonia lurida Ach.
Dermatocarpon luridum (With.) J. R. Laundon
Didymodon luridus Hornsch. in Spreng.
lusitanicus
lusitanica
lusitanicum
from Portugal
lusitanuslusitanadj/fLusitanus
of the Western part of Iberian peninsula (Portugal & parts of Spanish provinces of Estremadura & Todedo)
icusicadj-ικοϛ
adjective suffix for nouns: belonging to, from, of
Erica lusitanica K.Rudolphi
Nephroma lusitanicum Schaerer
Asphodelus lusitanicus Henriq.
lusitanus
lusitana
lusitanum
of Portugal
lusitanuslusitanadj/fLusitanus
of the Western part of Iberian peninsula (Portugal & parts of Spanish provinces of Estremadura & Todedo)
Dianthus lusitanus Brot.