Dictionary of Botanical Epithets

Dictionary of Botanical Epithets

horizontalis - hymenorrhizus

© 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2005

Epithet

Definition

Derivation

Stem

Type/
Gender

Meaning

horizontalis
horizontalis
horizontale
horizontal
horizonhorizontnoun/mοριζων
the horizon
alisaladjadjective suffix for nouns: of or pertaining to
Heliotropium horizontale Small
Cotoneaster horizontalis Dcne.
horridulus
horridula
horridulum
somewhat spiny
horridushorridadjsticking out, rough, shaggy, bristly, prickly
ulusuladjadjective suffix for adjectives: diminutive
Cheilanthes horridula Maxon
Cirsium horridulum Michx.
horridus
horrida
horridum
prickly, bristly
horridushorridadjsticking out, rough, shaggy, bristly, prickly
Aciphylla horrida W.Oliv.
Asplenium horridum Kaulfuss
Oplopanax horridus Miq.
hortensis
hortensis
hortense
of gardens
hortushortnoun/mgarden
ensisensadjadjective suffix for nouns: country or place of origin or habitat
Petroselinum hortense Hoffm.
Atriplex hortensis L.
horti
hortorum
of garden(s)
generative of hortushortnoun/mgarden
Pelargonium x hortorum L. H. Bailey
hortulanus
hortulana
hortulanum
of gardens
hortulushortulnoun/ma little garden
anusanadjadjective suffix for nouns: position, connection, possession
Prunus hortulana Bailey
Caladium x hortulanum Birdsey
humifusus
humifusa
humifusum
prostrate
humushumnoun/fthe earth, ground, soil
iicnctconnective vowel used by botanical Latin
fususfusadjspread out, extended
Gaultheria humifusa (Graham) Rydb.
Desmodium humifusum (Muhl. ex Bigelow) Beck
Cotoneaster humifusus Duthie ex J. H. Veitch
humilior
humilior
humilius
lower
comparative of humilishumiladjlow, lowly, small, slight
ioradjcomparative suffix; more so, to a greater degree; more-, -er (e.g. larger, prettier, whiter)
humilis
humilis
humile
low growing
humilishumiladjlow, lowly, small, slight
Allium humile Kunth
Chamaerops humilis L.
humillimus
humillima
humillimum
lowest
superlative of humilishumiladjlow, lowly, small, slight
limuslimadjsuperlative suffix; most so, to the greatest degree; most-, -est (e.g. largest, prettiest, whitest)
Salix humillima Anderss.
Astragalus humillimus Gray
hyacinthinus
hyacinthina
hyacinthinum
Hyacinth like
hyacinthinushyacinthinadjυακινϑοϛ
of or pertaining to the hyacinth
Triteleia hyacinthina (Lindl.) Greene
Hesperoscordum hyacinthinum Lindl.
hyalinus
hyalina
hyalinum
transparent
hyalushyalnoun/mυαλοϛ
glass
inusinadjadjective suffix for nouns: belonging to or resembling
Athalamia hyalina (Sommert.) Hatt.
Allium hyalinum Curran
Astragalus hyalinus M.E.Jones
hybernus
hyberna
hybernum
of winter
hybernushybernadjhibernus
of or pertaining to winter
Triticum hybernum L.
hybridus
hybrida
hybridum
hybrid
hybridahybridnoun/fhibrida
mongrel, hybrid
usadjLatinizing suffix
Medicago hybrida (Pourr.) Trautv.
Sedum hybridum L.
Amaranthus hybridus L.
hyemalis
hyemalis
hyemale
of winter
hyemalishyemaladjhiemalis
of winter, wintry
Aplectrum hyemale (Muhl. ex Willd.) Torr.
Agrostis hyemalis (Walt.) B.S.P.
hygrometricus
hygrometrica
hygrometricum
measuring moisture
hygroshygradjυγροϛ
wet, moist, liquid
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
metricusmetricadjmetron
μετρον
a measure, rule, standard
icus
-ικοϛ
adjective suffix for nouns: belonging to, from, of
Funaria hygrometrica Hedw.
hymenoides
hymenoides
hymenoides
membranous
hymenhymennoun/mυμην, ενοϛ
skin, membrane
oidesoidadj-οειδεϛ
adjective suffix for nouns: like, resemble
Oryzopsis hymenoides (Roemer & J.A.Schultes) Ricker ex Piper
hymenorrhizus
hymenorrhiza
hymenorrhizum
membranous roots
hymenhymennoun/mυμην, ενοϛ
skin, membrane
oocnctconnective vowel in botanical Latin, usually for Greek words but in some cases, such as color tingeing, for Latin words
rrcnctρ
sometimes the Greek aspirated 'r' is rrh and sometimes rh in the Latin transliteration
rhizarhiznoun/fριζα
root; stem, origin
usadjLatinizing suffix
Allium hymenorrhizum Ledeb.